Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 9, pp 2359–2364 | Cite as

A facile method for preparation of lanthanide-doped titania-coated silica nanoparticles

  • Shujie Pang
  • Xianliang Li
  • Guang Yang
  • Zuosen Shi
  • Ying Wan
  • Zhanchen Cui


Here, we report a facile method for the preparation of monodisperse lanthanide-doped titania-coated silica nanoparticles. By hydrolysis of titanium alkoxide precursors in the presence of lanthanide ions, titania coatings have been deposited on the surface of the silica nanoparticles dispersed in the pure ethanol. Lanthanide ions were directly incorporated into the coating during the coating process. For a given ratio of titanium alkoxide to water, the density of the doped ions is determined by the concentration of the lanthanide ions in the reactant mixture. The final particles were nanosized, discrete, and exhibiting luminescence when excited.


Silica Particle Silica Nanoparticles Titania Coating Doping Density TBOT 



This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 50573028), Major State Basic Research Project (G2000036604), Science and Technology Development Project of Jilin province (2006512), and National High Technology Development Project (2001.AA.312160). The authors are grateful to Yao Wang for providing us significant help.


  1. 1.
    Linsebigler AL, Lu GQ, Yates JT (1995) Chem Rev 95:735CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ranjit KT, Cohen H, Willner I, Bossmann S, Braun AM (1999) J Mater Sci 34:5273. doi: 10.1023/A:1004780401030 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Xiao Q, Si Z, Zhang J, Xiao C, Qiu G (2007) J Mater Sci 42:9194. doi: 10.1007/s10853-007-1919-9 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Polman A (1997) J Appl Phys 82:1CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kay A, Gratzel M (1996) Sol Energy Mater Sol Cells 44:99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Joannopoulos JD, Villeneuve PR, Fan SH (1997) Nature 386:143CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Moran CE, Hale GD, Halas NJ (2001) Langmuir 17:8376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    de Dood MJA, Berkhout B, van Kats CM, Polman A, van Blaaderen A (2002) Chem Mater 14:2849CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ohashi M, Kanzaki S, Tabata H (1991) J Mater Sci 26:2608. doi: 10.1007/BF00545544 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jeon S, Braun PV (2003) Chem Mater 15:1256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Zhang D, Zhang D (2007) Appl Phys Lett 91:161109CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cerneaux S, Xiong XY, Simon GP, Cheng YB, Spiccia L (2007) Nanotechnology 18:05570CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    He X-H, Lian N, Sun J-H, Guan M-Y (2009) J Mater Sci 44:4763. doi: 10.1007/s10853-009-3668-4 CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Jin D, Yu X, Xu X, Wang L, Wang L, Wang N (2009) J Mater Sci 44:6144. doi: 10.1007/s10853-009-3849-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ting C-C, Chen S-Y, Lee H-Y (2003) J Appl Phys 94:2102CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sloof LH, de Dood MJA, van Blaaderen A, Polman A (2000) Appl Phys Lett 76:3682CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fujita K, Nouchi K, Hirao K (2000) J Lumin 86Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Patra A, Sominska E, Ramesh S, Gadanken A (1999) J Phys Chem B 103:3361CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bergna HE (ed) (1994) The colloid chemistry of silica. American Chemical Society, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kawaguchi T, Ono KJ (1990) Non-Cryst Solids 121:383CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Karmakar B, De G, Ganguli D (2000) J Non-Cryst Solids 272:119CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Slooff LH, van Blaaderen A, Polman A, Hebbink GA, Klink SI, VanVeggel FCJM, Reinhoudt DN, Hofstraat JW (2002) J Appl Phys 91:3955CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Stöber W, Fink A, Bohn EJ (1968) Colloid Interface Sci 26:62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hanprasopwattana A, Srinivasan S, Sault AG, Datye AK (1996) Langmuir 12:3173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Barlow R (1989) Statistics. Wiley, New YorkMATHGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Hartlen KD, Athanasopoulos APT, Kitaev V (2008) Langmuir 24:1714CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Luo W, Li R, Chen X (2008) J Phys Chem C 112:10370CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shujie Pang
    • 1
  • Xianliang Li
    • 1
  • Guang Yang
    • 2
  • Zuosen Shi
    • 1
  • Ying Wan
    • 1
  • Zhanchen Cui
    • 1
  1. 1.Key Lab of Supramolecular Structure and Materials, College of ChemistryJilin UniversityChangchunPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Chemistry and Chemical Engineer DepartmentDaQing Normal UniversityDaqingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations