Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 681–687 | Cite as

Effect of heat treatment on the mechanical properties of North American jack pine: thermogravimetric study

  • Duygu KocaefeEmail author
  • Sandor Poncsak
  • Junjun Tang
  • Mohamed Bouazara


Heat treatment improves dimensional stability of wood, reduces its decay, and darkens its color. However, mechanical properties of wood can deteriorate during the heat treatment. The effect of heat-treatment conditions (maximum treatment temperature, heating rate, exposure time at the maximum heat-treatment temperature, and the gas humidity) on the mechanical properties of North American jack pine (Pinus banksiana) was studied using thermogravimetric analyzer. This type of study permits the identification of the best treatment conditions which will minimize reduction of mechanical properties of jack pine. The results showed that the degree of change in bending strength, hardness, screw withdrawal strength, and dimensional stability of jack pine during heat treatment depends strongly on the treatment conditions used. Therefore, great care should be taken to select the treatment conditions. Thermogravimetric analysis can be used as a first step for selection.


Lignin Hemicellulose Dimensional Stability Untreated Wood Treatment Recipe 



The authors would like to thank the University of Quebec at Chicoutimi (UQAC) and the Foundation of the UQAC (FUQAC) for the financial support.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Duygu Kocaefe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sandor Poncsak
    • 1
  • Junjun Tang
    • 1
  • Mohamed Bouazara
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied SciencesUniversity of Quebec at ChicoutimiQuébecCanada

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