Effects of copper addition on microstructure and strength of the hybrid laser-TIG welded joints between magnesium alloy and mild steel
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Lap joint of magnesium alloy AZ31B to mild steel Q235 with the addition of copper interlayer by hybrid laser-TIG welding technique was investigated. The microstructure, element distribution at interfaces, and intermediate phases of joints were examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electron probe micro-analyzer (EPMA), and X-ray diffraction (XRD), respectively. The results showed that intermetallic compounds Mg2Cu with rod-like structure in the joint and equiaxed structure at interface were found, and the bonding between copper and steel was realized by mixing of copper and steel at upper margins of molten pool and a little solid solution of copper in iron at the bottom and side of molten pool. Besides, comparing with that without any interlayer, the wettability of molten magnesium alloy on steel was enhanced, which led to an intimate connection. In the end, the joining mechanism of magnesium–steel joints with copper interlayer was discussed.
KeywordsWelding Fusion Zone Welding Speed Laser Welding Transitional Zone
The authors gratefully appreciate the sponsorship supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 50675028) and Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (No. 20070141031).
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