Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 572–579 | Cite as

Mechanical properties of three-dimensional interconnected alumina/steel metal matrix composites

  • D. Wittig
  • C. G. Aneziris
  • T. Graule
  • J. Kuebler
Article

Abstract

Three-dimensional interconnected alumina/steel metal matrix composites (MMCs) were produced by pressureless Ti-activated melt infiltration method using three types of Al2O3 powder with different sizes and shapes. By partial sintering during infiltration an interpenetrating ceramic network was realised. The effect of the ceramic particle size and shape on the resulting ceramic network, volume % fraction and the MMC properties is presented. The MMCs were characterised for mechanical properties at room temperature and elevated temperature. An increase in flexural strength and Young’s modulus with decreasing particle size has been observed. In addition, the effect of the volume of ceramic content and the surface finish of the MMCs on the wear behaviour is shown.

Keywords

Flexural Strength Wear Behaviour Ceramic Particle Al2O3 Particle Fracture Origin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank R. Bächthold and Dr. G. Blugan at Empa, Materials Science and Technology, Switzerland as well as T. Minghetti and C. Schelle at RUAG Components, Switzerland for their contributions to this work.

References

  1. 1.
    Lemster K, Graule T, Kuebler J (2005) Mater Sci Eng A393:229Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lemster K, Graule T, Minghetti T, Schelle C, Kuebler J (2006) Mater Sci Eng A420:296Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Travitzky NA, Claussen N (1992) J Eur Ceram Soc 9:61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Zhou W, Hu W, Zhang D (1999) Mater Lett 40:156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Imbeni V, Hutchings IM, Breslin MC (1999) Wear 233–235:462CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Clarke DR (1992) JACS 75:739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Skirl S, Krause R, Wiederhorn SM, Rödel J (2001) JACS 84:2034Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Huber T, Degischer HP, Lefranc G, Schmitt T (2006) Compos Sci Technol 66:2206CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Xing H, Cao X, Hu W, Zhao L, Zhang J (2005) Mater Lett 59:1563CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kajikawa Y, Nukami T, Flemings MC (1995) Metall Mater Trans A 26A:2155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lemster K, Delporte M, Graule T, Kuebler J (2007) Ceram Int 33:1179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Li JG (1994) Ceram Int 20:391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Chen J, Hao C, Zhang J (2006) Mater Lett 60:2489CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Farid A, Shi-ju G (2006) Trans Nonferrous Met Soc China 16:629CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Callister WD (2003) Materials science and engineering: an introduction. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Brooks CR, Choudhury A (2002) Failure analysis of engineering materials. McGraw-Hill, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Gogotsi G, Lugovy M (2001) Theor Appl Fract Mech 36:115CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Wittig
    • 1
  • C. G. Aneziris
    • 2
  • T. Graule
    • 1
  • J. Kuebler
    • 1
  1. 1.Empa, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Testing and ResearchLaboratory for High Performance CeramicsDuebendorfSwitzerland
  2. 2.Institute for Ceramics, Glass and Construction MaterialsTechnical University Bergakademie FreibergFreibergGermany

Personalised recommendations