Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 43, Issue 21, pp 6848–6852 | Cite as

X-ray diffraction and compositional studies of AgInS2 thin films obtained by spray pyrolysis

  • M. Calixto-Rodriguez
  • A. Tiburcio-Silver
  • A. Sanchez-Juarez
  • M. E. Calixto


Silver indium sulfide (AgInS2) thin films have been prepared by the spray pyrolysis technique using silver acetate, indium acetate, and N,N-dimethylthiourea as precursor compounds. Depending on the film preparation conditions, AgInS2 thin films are obtained which could be candidates to be used in photovoltaic devices. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) compositional studies were done on films formed at different substrate temperatures (T s) and Ag:In:S ratios in the starting solutions. When Ag:In:S ratios are 1:1:1, 1:0.25:2, and 1:1:2, XRD patterns of the thin films indicated that the crystallographic structure is mainly chalcopyrite AgInS2. An additional phase, acanthite Ag2S, appeared when the depositions where done at low T s. EDS analysis showed that AgInS2 films near stoichiometric composition were obtained by using an atomic ratio of Ag:In:S = 1:1:2 in the starting solution and T s = 400 °C.


Chalcopyrite Spray Pyrolysis Ag2S Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy Analysis Indium Content 



The authors would like to thank Dra. Hilda Esperanza Esparza Ponce (CIMAV-Chihuahua) for EDS analysis, M.C. Ma. Luisa Ramón for XRD analysis, and Ing. J. Ortega-Cruz for technical assistance in the electrical measurements. The authors are grateful to DGAPA-UNAM (project IN 111506) for the financial support.


  1. 1.
    Shay JL, Tell B, Schiavone LM, Kasper HM, Thiel F (1974) Phys Rev B 9:1719. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.9.1719 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Roth RS, Parker HS, Brower WS (1973) Mater Res Bull 8:333. doi: 10.1016/0025-5408(73)90012-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Loferski JJ, Shewchun J, Roessler B, Beaulieu R, Piekoszeuski J, Gorska M et al (1997) In: Proc. 13th IEEE PV Special. Conf., 1997, p 341Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Okamoto K, Kinoshita K (1976) Solid-State Electron 19:31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yoshino K, Komaki H, Kakeno T, Akaki Y, Ikari T (2003) J Phys Chem Solids 64:1839. doi: 10.1016/S0022-3697(03)00097-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yoshino K, Mitani N, Sugiyama M, Cichibu SF, Komaki H, Ikari T (2001) Physica B 302–303:349. doi: 10.1016/S0921-4526(01)00453-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Akaki Y, Kurihara S, Shirama M, Tsurugida K, Seto S, Kakeno T et al (2005) J Phys Chem Solids 66:1858. doi: 10.1016/j.jpcs.2005.09.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    You SH, Hong KJ, Lee BJ, Jeong TS, Youn CJ, Park JS et al (2002) J Cryst Growth 245:261. doi: 10.1016/S0022-0248(02)01729-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hong KJ, Jeong JW, Jeong TS, Youn CJ, Lee WS, Park JS et al (2003) J Phys Chem Solids 64:1119. doi: 10.1016/S0022-3697(03)00026-X CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gorska M, Beaulieu R, Lofersky JJ, Roessler B (1980) Thin Solid Films 67:341. doi: 10.1016/0040-6090(80)90467-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ortega-López M, Morales-Acevedo A, Solorza-Feria O (2001) Thin Solid Films 385:120. doi: 10.1016/S0040-6090(01)00758-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Albor Aguilera ML, Ortega-López M, Sánchez Resendiz VM, Aguilar Hernández J, González Trujillo MA (2003) Mater Sci Eng B 102:380. doi: 10.1016/S0921-5107(02)00626-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Calixto-Rodriguez M, Tiburcio-Silver A, Ortiz A, Sánchez-Juarez A (2005) Thin Solid Films 480–481:133. doi: 10.1016/j.tsf.2004.11.046 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sánchez Juárez A (1995) MSc thesis, Facultad de Ciencias-UNAM, MéxicoGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ortega-López M, Vigil-Galán O, Cruz Gandarilla F, Solorza-Feria O (2003) Mater Res Bull 38:55. doi: 10.1016/S0025-5408(02)00999-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Calixto-Rodriguez
    • 1
  • A. Tiburcio-Silver
    • 2
  • A. Sanchez-Juarez
    • 1
  • M. E. Calixto
    • 3
  1. 1.Centro de Investigación en EnergíaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoTemixcoMexico
  2. 2.Instituto Tecnológico de Toluca-SEPMetepecMexico
  3. 3.CuernavacaMexico

Personalised recommendations