Journal of Materials Science

, 43:7331 | Cite as

Effect of strain on “hardening by annealing and softening by deformation” phenomena in ultra-fine grained aluminum

  • Daisuke Terada
  • Hironobu Houda
  • Nobuhiro Tsuji
Ultrafine-Grained Materials


Ultra-fine grained (UFG) metals fabricated by severe plastic deformation (SPD) sometimes exhibit peculiar mechanical properties. For example, the “hardening by annealing and softening by deformation” was reported in UFG aluminum, which was totally opposite to the behaviors of conventionally coarse-grained materials. In this study, the effect of SPD strain on the peculiar phenomena was investigated. The UFG aluminum was fabricated by various cycles of the accumulative roll-bonding (ARB) process with lubrication at ambient temperature. The specimen ARB-processed by ten cycles certainly showed the peculiar phenomena. On the other hand, the 6-cycle specimen did not show the phenomena but was softened by annealing and hardened by deformation normally. From the results of microstructural characterization, it was suggested that the difference in the change of the mechanical property during annealing and deformation between 6-cycle and 10-cycle specimens was caused by the difference in the grain size and/or the texture components, which depended on the SPD strain.


Severe Plastic Deformation Annealed Specimen Dislocation Source Subsequent Deformation EBSD Measurement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This study was financially supported by the Global COE Program (Center of Excellence for Advanced Structural and Functional Materials Design) in Osaka University and the Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on the Priority Area “Giant Straining Process for Advanced Materials Containing Ultra-High Density Lattice Defects,” both through the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), Japan.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daisuke Terada
    • 1
  • Hironobu Houda
    • 1
  • Nobuhiro Tsuji
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Adaptive Machine Systems, Graduate School of EngineeringOsaka UniversityOsakaJapan

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