Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 3, pp 763–771 | Cite as

Effect of heat treatment in air on the thermal properties of SiC fibre-reinforced composite. Part 1: a barium osumilite (BMAS) matrix glass ceramic composite

  • R. YilmazEmail author
  • R. Taylor


The thermal properties have been studied on a glass ceramic composite comprised of a barium osumilite (BMAS) matrix reinforced with SiC (Tyranno) fibres which has been subjected to a heat treatment in air in the range of 700–1,200 °C. Microstructural studies were carried out especially on of the interface between fibre and matrix. The presence of a carbon thin layer in the interface is a typical observation in SiC fibre-reinforced glass ceramic matrix composite systems. The microstructural evaluation and thermal properties showed a degradation of interfacial layer occurred at low heat treatment temperatures, (700–800 °C) this was attributed to the fact that, at those heat treatment temperatures the carbon rich layer formed during processing was oxidised away leaving voids between fibre and matrix, which were linked by isolated silicon-rich bridges. After heat treatment at higher temperatures of 1,000–1,200 °C, the thermal properties were retained or even enhanced by leaving a thick interfacial layer.


Thermal Diffusivity Heat Treatment Temperature Scanning Electron Microscope Study Impingement Angle High Heat Treatment Temperature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to thank to NPL (National Physical Laboratory) provision of samples of composites and Mr. I. Brough and Mr. P. Kenway for assistance with SEM and TEM studies. R. Yilmaz would also like to thank to Sakarya University for financial support.


  1. 1.
    Prewo PM, Brennan JJ, Layden GK (1986) Am Ceram Soc Bull 65:305Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brennan JJ, Chyung K, Taylor MP (1986) USA Patent No 4589900, May 20Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Johnson LF, Hasselman DPH, Chung KJ (1987) J Am Ceram Soc 70:C135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Cooper RF, Chyung K (1987) J Mater Sci 22:3148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bemson PM, Spear KE, Pontano CG (1988) Ceram Eng Sci Proc 9:63Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Chaim R, Heuer AH (1991) J Am Ceram Soc 74:1663CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Murty VSR, Li J, Lewis MH (1989) Ceram Eng Sci Proc 10:938CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bonney LA, Cooper RF (1990) J Am Ceram Soc 73:2916CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Murthy VSR, Phoraoh MW, Lewis MH (1990) Inst Phys Conf Ser No 111. New Mater Appl 185Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lewis MH, Murthy VSR (1991) Compos Sci Technol 42:221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lewis MH, Daniel AM, Chamberlian A, Pharaoh MV, Cain MG (1993) J Microsc 169:109CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Yilmaz R (1998) PhD thesis. UMIST-UKGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bleay SM, Scott VD (1992) J Mater Sci 27:825CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Plucknett KP, Sutherland S, Daniel AM, Cain RL, Taplin DMR, Lewis MH (1995) J Microsc 177:251CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kumar A, Knowles KM (1996) J Am Ceram Soc 79:2369Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pharaoh MW, Daniel AM, Lewis MH (1993) J Mater Sci Lett 12:998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hasselman DPT (1988) Therm Conduct 19:383Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bhatt H, Donaldson KY, Hasselman DPH, Bhatt RT (1992) J Mater Sci 27:6653CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bhatt H, Donaldson KY, Hasselman DPH, Bhatt RT (1990) J Am Ceram Soc 73:312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Hasselman DPH, Venkatesawaron A, Yu M (1991) J Mater Sci Lett 17:1037CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Hasselman DPH, Venkatesawaron A, Tawil H (1991) J Am Ceram Soc 74:1631CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Tawil H, Bersen LD, Baskaran J, Hasselman DPH (1985) J Mater Sci 20:3201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Bhatt H, Donaldson KY, Hasselman DPH, Bhatt RT (1992) J Am Ceram Soc 75:334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hasselmann DPH, Johnson T (1987) J Compos Mater 21:508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Parker WJ, Jenkins RJ, Butler CP, Abbot GL (1960) J Appl Phys 32:926Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Taylor R (1980) J Phys E: Sci Instrum 13:1193CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Le Strat E, Lancin M, Fourches-Coulon M, Marhic C (1998) Philos Mag A 78:189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Brennan JJ, Prewo KM (1982) J Mater Sci 17:2371CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Qui G, Spear KE, Pontano CG (1993) Mater Sci Eng A 162:45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Winter W, Bogdonaw C, Muller G, Panshorst W (1993) Glass Technol Ber 66:109Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Technical Education Faculty, Metal Education DivisionSakarya UniversitySakaryaTurkey
  2. 2.Manchester Materials Science CentreUniversity of Manchester Institute of Science and TechnologyManchesterEngland

Personalised recommendations