Surfactant-assisted hydrothermal preparation of submicrometer-sized two-dimensional BiFeO3 plates and their photocatalytic activity


2-Dimensional bismuth ferrite (BiFeO3) plates were hydrothermally synthesized starting from Bi(NO3)3 and Fe(NO3)3 in the presence of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) as a morphology directing template. The amount of CTAB was altered to study their effects on the final results. The average diameter and thickness of BiFeO3 plates were about 1.3–2 μm and 200–300 nm. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV–visible diffuse reflection spectrum (UV–vis DRS) were used to investigate the samples’ crystallinity, purity, morphology, spectral features. Furthermore, the effect of the morphology on photocatalysis was also evaluated by photodecolorization of orange II under a blended-light mercury fluorescent lamp (λ ≥ 410 nm). As a result, BiFeO3 plates showed a much higher photocatalytic activity than bulk BiFeO3 for photodecolorization of orange II, suggesting potential application in photocatalysis.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5


  1. 1.

    Kumar MM, Srinath S, Kuma GS, Suryanrayana SV (1998) J Magn Magn Mater 188:203

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Gurunathan K, Maruthamuthu P (1995) Int J Hydrogen Energy 20:287

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Gurnathan K (2004) Int J Hydrogen Energy 29:933

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Liu HR, Liu ZL, Liu Q, Yao KL (2006) Thin Solid Films 500:105

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Ghosh S, Dasgupta S, Sen A, Maiti HS (2005) Mater Res Bull 40:2073

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Ghosh S, Dasgupta S, Sen A, Maiti HS (2005) J Am Ceram Soc 88:1349

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Chen C, Cheng JR, Yu SW, Che LJ, Meng ZY (2006) J Cryst Growth 291:135

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Kajima A, Kaneda T, Ito H, Fujii T, Okamoto I (1991) J Appl Phys 70:3760

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Nozik AJ, Memming R (1996) J Phys Chem 100:13061

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Asahi R, Morikawa T, Ohwaki T, Aoki K, Taga Y (2001) Science 293:269

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Niu XS, Li HH, Liu GG (2005) J Mol Catal A Chem 232:89

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


This research was supported by Academic Leader Foundation of Jiangsu Province of China (No. 2001013) and Social Development Foundation of Zhenjiang, Jiangsu Province of China (No. SH2005063, SH2006057).

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Xie Jimin.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Xiaomeng, L., Jimin, X., Yuanzhi, S. et al. Surfactant-assisted hydrothermal preparation of submicrometer-sized two-dimensional BiFeO3 plates and their photocatalytic activity. J Mater Sci 42, 6824–6827 (2007).

Download citation


  • CTAB
  • Photocatalytic Activity
  • BiFeO3
  • Rhombohedral Structure
  • CTAB Concentration