Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 14, pp 5647–5656 | Cite as

Acoustic emission during tensile deformation of pre-strained nuclear grade AISI type 304 stainless steel in the unnotched and notched conditions

  • Chandan Kumar Mukhopadhyay
  • Tamanna Jayakumar
  • Baldev Raj
  • Kalyan Kumar Ray


Acoustic emission (AE) generated during tensile deformation of notched specimens with varying notch lengths has been compared with those from unnotched specimens of a nuclear grade AISI type 304 stainless steel in the 5 and 30% pre-strained conditions. The results indicate that (a) nature of AE generation is different for different stages of deformation and (b) amount of cold work or pre-strain influences the magnitude of such AE generation. The observed results have been explained using the phenomena of varied localized deformation at the notch tip and deformation-induced α′-martensite formation in cold worked AISI type 304 stainless steel. An examination of the correlation between total AE counts (N) and stress intensity factor (K) has shown that the value of the exponent (m) in the relationship N = AK m decreases with increasing pre-strain. The formation of α′-martensite in unnotched specimens has been confirmed by equivalent δ-ferrite (%) content measurements. The examination of fracture surfaces by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has indicated that the localized plastic deformation at the notch tip depends on the level of pre-strain.


Acoustic Emission Acoustic Emission Signal Acoustic Emission Activity Acoustic Emission Count AISI Type 
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Authors thank Dr S.L. Mannan, Director, Metallurgy and Materials Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Kalpakkam-603 102, India, for useful discussions. Authors also thank Mr P. Kalyanasundaram, Associate Director, Inspection Technology Group, IGCAR, for useful discussions.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chandan Kumar Mukhopadhyay
    • 1
  • Tamanna Jayakumar
    • 1
  • Baldev Raj
    • 1
  • Kalyan Kumar Ray
    • 2
  1. 1.Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic ResearchKalpakkamIndia
  2. 2.Department of Metallurgical & Materials EngineeringIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia

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