Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp 1376–1380 | Cite as

Surface synthesis of PbS nanoparticles on silica spheres by a sonochemical approach

  • Rongguo Xie
  • Dongsheng Li
  • Deren Yang
  • Minhua Jiang


A simple sonochemical approach for the preparation of PbS nanoparticles homogeneously coated on sub-micrometer silica spheres has been described. The transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy images show that the PbS nanoparticles with size of 30 nm were coated on the silica spheres, without any free nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction reveals that the PbS nanoparticles are of cubic rock-salt structure. Moreover, by dissolving the silica cores with a diluted hydrofluoric acid solution, stable PbS hollow structures were obtained. It is considered that the sonochemical process in which triethanolamine acted as complex agent played an important role for the homogenouse coating of PbS nanoparticles on silica spheres.


Silica Surface Silica Sphere Ultrasonic Irradiation Silica Core Hydrofluoric Acid Solution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to thank the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 60225010) for financial supports.


  1. 1.
    Caruso F (2001) Adv Mater 13:11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Davies R, Schurr GA, Meenan P, Nelson RD, Bergna HE, Brevett CAS, Goldbaum RH (1998) Adv Mater 10:1264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Liz-Marzan LM, Mulvaney P (2003) J Phys Chem B 107:7312CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wang D, Rogach AL, Caruso F (2003) Chem Mater 15:2724CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Praksh A, Mccormick AV, Zachariah MR (2005) Nano Lett 5:1357CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yu M, Lin J, Fang J (2005) Chem Mater 17:1783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ocana M, Hsu WP, Matijevic E (1991) Langmuir 7:2911CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chemla DS, Miller DA (1986) Opt Lett 11:522CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Takeda H, Yoshino K (2002) Appl Phy Lett 80:4495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Moroz A, Sommers C (1999) J Phys Condens Matter 11:997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kumaraswamy G, Dibaj AM, Caruso F (2002) Langmuir 18:4150CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Lu Y, Mclellan J, Xia Y (2004) Langmuir 20:3464Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fleischhaker F, Zentel R (2005) Chem Mater 17:1346CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Pastoriza-Santos I, Scholer B, Caruso F (2001) Adv Funct Mater 11:122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kobayashi Y, Salgueiriño-Maceira V, Liz-Marzán LM (2001) Chem Mater 13:1630CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Garino T (1992) J Am Ceram Soc 75:514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Arul Dhas N, Zaban A, Gedanken A (1999) Chem Mater 11:806CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhong Z, Mastai Y, Koltypin Y, Zhao Y, Gedanken A (1999) Chem Mater 11:2350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Pol VG, Srivastava DN, Palchik O, Palchik V, Slifkin MA, Weiss AM, Gedanken A (2002) Langmuir 18:3552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Dutta AK, Ho T, Zhang L, Stroeve P (2000) Chem Mater 12:1042CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Colvin VL, Schlamp MC, Alivisatos AP (1994) Nature 370:354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ji YJ, Yang DR, Zhang H, Ma XY, Xu J, Que DL (2004) Solid State Phenom 99(100):197CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Lopez C (2003) Adv Mater 15:1679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Stöber W, Fink A, Bohn E (1968) J Colloid Inter Sci 26:62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Suslick KS (1988) Ultrasound: its chemical, physical and biological effects. VCH, WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Xia H, Tang F (2003) J Phys Chem B 107:9175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Iler KR (1979) The chemistry of silica, Chap 6. Wiley, New York, p 622Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rongguo Xie
    • 1
  • Dongsheng Li
    • 1
  • Deren Yang
    • 1
  • Minhua Jiang
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Lab of Silicon MaterialsZhejiang UniversityHangzhouP.R. China
  2. 2.State Key Lab of Crystal MaterialsShandong UniversityJinanP.R. China

Personalised recommendations