Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 5, pp 1577–1583 | Cite as

Characterization of nanostructured metals produced by plastic deformation

  • Xiaoxu Huang
Nano May 2006


Nanostructured metals produced by plastic deformation often exhibit characteristic structural features such as elongated morphology, a bimodal misorientation distribution and the presence of interior dislocations. The characterization of these parameters is demonstrated by results of TEM and EBSD analyses of pure Ni processed by high pressure torsion (HPT) and pure Al processed by accumulative roll bonding (ARB). Care needed in selecting sample plane and characterization technique is discussed.


Misorientation Angle Select Area Electron Diffraction Pattern Accumulative Roll Bonding High Pressure Torsion High Angle Boundary 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The author gratefully acknowledges the Danish National Research Foundation for supporting the Center for Fundamental Research: Metal Structures in Four Dimensions, within which this work was performed. The author also thanks Niels Hansen for helpful discussions and Brian Ralph for critical reading of the manuscript and many good comments.


  1. 1.
    Valiev RZ, Islamgaliev RK, Alexandrov IV (2000) Prog Mat Sci 45:103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Zhu YT, Langdon TG, Horita Z, Zehetbauer M, Semiatin SL, Lowe TC (eds) (2006) Ultrafine grained materials IV. Warrendale, PA, TMSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Erb U, Palumbo G, Szpunar B, Aust KT (1997) Nanostruct Mater 9:261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Groza JR (1999) In: Suryanarayana C (ed) Non-equilibrium processing of materials. Oxford, Pergamon UK, p 345Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Mitra R, Ungar T, Weertman JR (2005) Trans Indian Met 58:1125Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rentenberger C, Waitz T, Karnthaler HP (2004) Scripta Mater 51:789CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Liu Q, Huang X, Lloyd DJ, Hansen N (2002) Acta Mater 53:3789CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tsuji N, Saito Y, Lee SH, Minamino Y (2003) Adv Eng Mater 5:338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Huang X, Vorhauer A, Winther G, Hansen N, Pippan R, Zehetbauer M (2004) In: Zhu YT, Landon TG, Valiev RZ, Shin DH, Lowe TC (eds) Ultrafine grained materials III. TMS, p 235Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Furukawa M, Horita Z, Langdon TG (2002) Mater Sci Eng A 332:97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sitdikov O, Sakai T, Goloborodko A, Miura H, Kaibyshev R (2005) Phil Mag 85:1159Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zhang HW, Hei ZK, Liu G, Lu J, Lu K (2003) Acta Mater 51:1871CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hughes DA, Hansen N (2000) Acta Mater 48:2985CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Saito Y, Tsuji N, Utsunomiya H, Sakau T, Hong RG (1998) Scripta Mater 39:1221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Huang X, Tsuji N, Hansen N, Minamino Y (2003) Mater Sci Eng A340:265Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tsuji N, Saimoto Y, Lee SH, Minamino Y (2003) Adv Eng Mater 5:338CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Li BL, Tsuji N, Kamikawa N (2006) Mater Sci Eng A 423:331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Valiev RZ, Ivanisenko YV, Rauch EF, Baudelet B (1996) Acta Mater 44:4705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zhilyaev AP, Nurislamova GV, Kim B-K, Baró MD, Szpunar JA, Langdon TG (2003) Acta Mater 51:753CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Dalla Torre F, Spätig P, Schäublin R, Victoria M (2005) Acta Mater 53:2337CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Huang X, Winther G, Hansen N, Hebesberger T, Vorhauer A, Pippan R, Zehetbauer M (2003) Mater Sci Forum 426–432:2819CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Zhu YT, Liao XZ, Srinivasan SG, Zhao YH, Baskes MI, Zhou F, Lavernia EJ (2004) Appl Phy Lett 85:5049CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Froseth AG, Derlet PM, Van Swygenhoven H (2005) Adv Eng Mater 7:16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Hughes DA, Hansen N (2001) Phys Rev Lett 87:135503.1Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Zhang HW, Hansen N (this issue)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Hughes DA, Hansen N (1997) Acta Mater 45:3871CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kamikawa N, Tsuji N, Huang X, Hansen N (2007) Acta Mater (in press)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Liu Q (1995) Ultrmicroscopy 60:81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Huang X, Kamikawa N, Hansen N (2006) Mater Sci Eng Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Hansen N (2004) Scripta Mater 51:801CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Huang X, Hansen N, Tsuji N (2006) Science 312:249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Foxon CTB, Rider JG (1968) Phil Mag 17:729Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Fundamental Research: Metal Structures in Four Dimensions, Materials Research DepartmentRisø National LaboratoryRoskildeDenmark

Personalised recommendations