Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 42, Issue 7, pp 2267–2275 | Cite as

Numerical and experimental analysis of microstructure formation during stainless steels solidification

  • M. L. N. Melo
  • Carlos Lima Penhalber
  • Nilton Alves Pereira
  • Carmo Lima PelliciariJr.
  • Carlos A. Santos
4th Brazilian MRS Meeting


The aim of this work is to examine microstructure formation during the solidification of unidirectional solidified AISI 304 stainless steel. Numerical and experimental results indicate that this numerical model allows a precise analysis of the AISI 304 stainless steel microstructure formation. This model determines temperature profiles, position of liquid and solid isotherms, thermal parameters (thermal gradients, tip rate movement, rate cooling), and finally, the secondary inter dendritic spacing. This model was tested by comparing the experimental values results, and thus a reasonable correlation was found.


Heat Transfer Coefficient Mushy Zone Interdendritic Spacing Liquidus Isotherm Local Solidification Time 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to acknowledge financial support provided by FAPESP (The Scientific Research Foundation of the State of São Paulo, Brazil) Proc. 02/02060-6.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. L. N. Melo
    • 1
  • Carlos Lima Penhalber
    • 1
  • Nilton Alves Pereira
    • 1
  • Carmo Lima PelliciariJr.
    • 2
  • Carlos A. Santos
    • 3
  1. 1.Programa de Pós-graduação em Engenharia e Ciência dos Materia isUniversidade São Francisco (USF)ItatibaBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Engenharia de Materiais, Faculdade de Engenharia MecânicaUniversidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP)CampinasBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica e Mecatrônica, Faculdade de EngenhariaPontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS)Porto AlegreBrazil

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