Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 41, Issue 20, pp 6800–6812 | Cite as

Multi-scale modeling in damage mechanics of composite materials

  • Ramesh Talreja


This paper addresses the multi-scale modeling aspects of damage in composite materials. The multiplicity of the scales of the operating mechanisms is discussed and clarified by taking examples of damage in a unidirectional ceramic matrix composite and in a cross ply polymer matrix composite laminate. Two multi-scale modeling strategies––the hierarchical and the synergistic––are reviewed in the context of deformational response. Finally, the “big picture” as it relates to the cost-effective manufacturing of composite structures intended for long-term performance is outlined and desired future direction in multi-scale modeling is discussed.


Representative Volume Element Matrix Crack Damage Mode Continuum Damage Mechanic Debond Length 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Aerospace EngineeringTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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