Determination of essential work of fracture in EPBC sheets obtained by different transformation processes
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1 mm sheets of polypropylene and ethylene-propylene block copolymers (EPBC) have been obtained using different processing methods in order to study the influence of processing induced morphology in the fracture properties of these materials. The processing methods employed were compression moulding (CM), extrusion-calendering (EC) and injection moulding (IM). Additionally, the sheets obtained by extrusion and injection were submitted to an annealing process with the aim to obtain more homogeneous morphologies that would ease their characterization.
The morphology has been characterized by different techniques: Polarizing light microscopy (MLP), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), wide-angle X-ray diffraction scattering (WAXS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM).
The fracture properties were determined by the essential work of fracture (EWF) method for deeply double edge notched specimens (DDENT), since these materials show ductile and post-yielding fracture behaviour. The EWF technique was applied in both the melt flow (MD) and the transversal (TD) directions in the sheets obtained by extrusion and injection moulding.
Results show that the sensitivity of the technique allows examining the effect of morphological variations of thin sheets, as well as a better characterization of the orientation level (versus other parameters like yielding stress or elastic modulus obtained by tensile test).
KeywordsDifferential Scanning Calorimetry Tensile Test Fracture Property Block Copolymer Thin Sheet
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