Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 1353–1357 | Cite as

Counterion effects in cyanine heterojunction photovoltaic devices

  • F. Nüesch
  • A. Faes
  • L. Zuppiroli
  • Fanshun Meng
  • Kongchang Chen
  • He Tian
Photovoltaic Materials and Phenomena Scell-2004


We investigated cyanine heterojunction photovoltaic devices using carbocyanine dyes as donors and buckminsterfullerene (C60) as acceptor. In particular, we focused on the influence of cyanine counterions on the photovoltaic device characteristics. It was found that counterions can be displaced in the applied electric field and give rise to important hystereses in the current-voltage characteristics, which are related to charge injection processes at electrode and organic heterointerfaces. Mobile counterions have also a drastic effect on the photocurrent spectrum and are responsible for an important C60 contribution at the organic heterojunction between cyanine and C60. If the counterion is covalently linked to the cyanine dye, the C60 contribution in the blue spectral domain can not be observed.


Polymer Applied Electric Field Cyanine Spectral Domain Photovoltaic Device 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Nüesch
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Faes
    • 3
  • L. Zuppiroli
    • 3
  • Fanshun Meng
    • 4
  • Kongchang Chen
    • 4
  • He Tian
    • 4
  1. 1.EMPA, Materials Science and TechnologyDübendorfSwitzerland
  2. 2.Laboratoire d’optoélectronique des matériaux moléculairesInstitut des matériaux, EPFLLausanneSwitzerland
  3. 3.Laboratoire d’optoélectronique des matériaux moléculairesInstitut des matériaux, EPFLLausanneSwitzerland
  4. 4.Institute of Fine ChemicalsEast China University of Science & TechnologyShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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