Fabrication of intercalation hybrid of Ni–Al layered double hydroxide with Cu(II) phthalocyanine via exfoliation/restacking route and photocatalytic activity on elimination of Rhodamine 6G
- 219 Downloads
An exfoliation/restacking synthesis route has been developed for the fabrication of Ni–Al layered double hydroxide (LDH) intercalated Cu(II) tetrasulfophthalocyanine (CuPcs) hybrid by using exfoliated LDH nanosheets and guest molecules as building blocks. The structural and morphological features of the resulting hybrid have been investigated by varieties of analytical techniques such as XRD, SEM, UV–Vis and thermal analysis. Interlayer spacings determined from XRD patterns reveal a perpendicular orientation of the CuPcs macrocycles to the Ni–Al LDH layer. Then the obtained nanohybrid was utilized as photocatalyst for the decolorization of Rhodamine 6G (Rh6G) aqueous solutions. The effects of H2O2, time, substrate concentration, catalyst dose, were studied as a function of percentage of decolorization under irradiation and the corresponding dark controls were also carried out for comparison. The decolorization percentage of Rh6G increases with irradiation time and can reach to 70% at 6 h as against to 18% in dark control.
KeywordsExfoliation/restacking route Layered double hydroxides Cu(II) phthalocyanine Photocatalytic decolorization Rhodamine 6G
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21401062), Natural Science Fund of Jiangsu Province (BK20140447, BK20141247), Innovation Project of Graduate Student of Jiangsu Province (KYZZ15_0392) and HHIT Research Project (Z2015011). We are also grateful to “Jiangsu Overseas Research & Training Program for University Prominent Yong & Middle-aged Teachers and Presidents”.
- 8.Li, Z., Li, Y., Qin, W., Wu, X.: Methylene blue photocatalytic degradation under visible irradiation of Al doped ZnO powders by hydrothermal synthesis sensitized with octa-iso-pentyloxyphthalocyanine lead. J. Mater. Sci: Mater. Electron. 27(7), 6673–6680 (2016)Google Scholar
- 10.Zhong, J.P., Fan, Y.J., Wang, H., Wang, R.X., Fan, L.L., Shen, X.C., Shi, Z.J.: Copper phthalocyanine functionalization of graphene nanosheets as support for platinum nanoparticles and their enhanced performance toward methanol oxidation. J. Power Sources. 242(15), 208–215 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 11.Zhang, Y.Q., Fan, Y.J., Cheng, L., Fan, L.L., Wang, Z.Y., Zhong, J.P., Wu, L.N., Shen, X.C., Shi, Z.J.: A novel glucose biosensor based on the immobilization of glucose oxidase on layer-by-layer assembly film of copper phthalocyanine functionalized graphene. Electrochim. Acta. 104(1), 178–184 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 12.Zhang, M., Shao, C., Guo, Z., Zhang, Z., Mu, J., Cao, T., Liu, Y.: Hierarchical nanostructures of copper(II) phthalocyanine on electrospun TiO2 nanofibers: controllable solvothermal-fabrication and enhanced visible photocatalytic properties. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces. 3(2), 369–377 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 18.Saber, O., Tagaya, H.: New layered double hydroxide, Zn-Ti LDH: preparation and intercalation reactions. J. Inclusion Phenom. Macrocyclic Chem. 45(1), 109–116 (2003)Google Scholar
- 25.Pan, B.B., Ma, J.J., Zhang, X.B., Liu, L., Zhang, D.E., Li, J.P., Yang, M., Zhang, Z.Y., Tong, Z.W.: Sandwich-structured nanocomposite constructed by fabrication of exfoliation α-ZrP nanosheets and cobalt porphyrin utilized for electrocatalytic oxygen reduction. Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 223, 213–218 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 26.Liu, Z.P., Ma, R.Z., Osada, M., Iyi, N., Ebina, Y., Takada, K., Sasaki, T.: Synthesis, anion exchange, and delamination of Co–Al layered double hydroxide: assembly of the exfoliated nanosheet/polyanion composite films and magneto-optical studies. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(14), 4872–4880 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- 41.Ghiladi, R.A., Kretzer, R.M., Guzei, I., Rheingold, A.L., Neuhold, Y.M., Hatwell, K.R., Zuberbühler, A.D., Karlin, K.D.: (F8TPP)FeII/O2 reactivity studies [F8TPP = Tetrakis(2,6-difluorophenyl)porphyrinate(2-)]: spectroscopic (UV–Visible and NMR) and kinetic study of solvent-dependent (Fe/O2 = 1:1 or 2:1) reversible O2-reduction and ferryl formation. Inorg. Chem. 40(23), 5754–5767 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar