Complexation and extraction of non-ferrous metals by calix[n]arene phosphine oxides

  • G. A. Kostin
  • T. V. US
  • T. M. Korda
  • V. G. Torgov
  • N. V. Kuratieva
  • S. I. Miroshnichenko
  • V. I. Kalchenko
Original Article


The extraction of non-ferrous metal (M2+) nitrates by the calix[4,6]arenes (L), bearing four or six phosphine oxide donor groups at the upper or at the lower rim, was quantitatively described in the form of [Mn(NO3)2nL] (n = 1, 2) complexes. The extraction constants (Zn2+ > Cu2+ > Co2+ > Ni2+) for the both types of L coincide with Irving-Williams sequence. Calix[4]arenes, phosphorylated at the lower (narrow) rim, provide better stability of ML complexes because of the best spatial fitting of M2+ by the donor groups. For the upper (wide) rim phosphorylated calix[4]arenes M2L and ML2 complexes are more stable. Unusual zwitterionic [Co2(NO3)4L] complex of the lower rim tetraphosphorylated calix[4]arene 1 was determined by X-ray structural analysis.


Calixarene Phosphine oxide Extraction Zinc Cobalt Nickel Copper Zwitter-ion structure 



The work was partially supported by ISTC project 3405 and STCU project 3863, joint project SB RAS–NAN Ukraine, project of Russian Academy of Sciences 5.8.2. G. Kostin thanks Arcus-Elsase and Suprachem projects for the fellowship. The authors thank Dr Olga Klimchuk for synthesis of calixarene 5.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. A. Kostin
    • 1
  • T. V. US
    • 1
  • T. M. Korda
    • 1
  • V. G. Torgov
    • 1
  • N. V. Kuratieva
    • 1
  • S. I. Miroshnichenko
    • 2
  • V. I. Kalchenko
    • 2
  1. 1.Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry SB RASNovosibirskRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Organic Chemistry, National Academy of Sciences of UkraineKyiv-94Ukraine

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