Thermodynamic studies of inclusion complex formation between alkylpyridinium chlorides and β-cyclodextrin using conductometric method
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Thermodynamics on inclusion complexation of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) with n-alkylpyridinium chlorides (C n PC, n = 12, 14, 16) were measured by conductivity technique to evaluate the effects of chain length of C n PC and temperature. The data obtained indicate that inclusion complexes S(CD) and S(CD)2 had formed between surfactant and β-CD in aqueous solution. Investigation showed that the K 1 (first equilibrium constant) for S(CD) formation is greater than K 2 (second equilibrium constant) for S(CD)2 formation. It has been found that C12PC forms only the 1:1 complex, while C14PC and C16PC form 1:1 and 1:2 complexes. Thermodynamic parameters of the complexation, i.e. ΔG°, ΔH° and ΔS° have been also calculated. The large values of ΔG° indicate that complexation between surfactant and β-CD is very favorable.
KeywordsInclusion complex Alkylpyridinium chlorides Cyclodextrin Conductometry Thermodynamic parameters
The authors are grateful for the financial support from the Research Councils of Malayer University.
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