Encapsulation of cyclodextrin complexed simvastatin in chitosan nanocarriers: A novel technique for oral delivery
The purpose of the present work was to design and investigate the potential of novel hydroxylpropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) and chitosan nanocarriers (NCs) for effective delivery of model, poorly water soluble drug simvastatin. The prepared system was characterized for particle size, particle size distribution (PDI), zeta potential, differential scanning calorimetery, x-ray diffraction, encapsulation efficiency and drug release studies. The results revealed that among the selected ratios of tripolyphosphate/chitosan, ratio 1:4 and 1:5 proved to be optimum in terms of particle size, particle distribution and drug release profile. The average size of nanoparticles increased from 516 to 617 and 464 to 562 nm for ratio 1:4 and 1:5 with increase in drug/HP-β-CD amount. To assess interactions and whether the simvastatin was incorporated in the NCs in its crystalline or amorphous form DSC and XRD were performed. These results suggest that the encapsulation process produces a marked decrease in crystallinity of simvastatin and/or confers to a nearly amorphous state of drug in NCs. Results reveled that with increase in the amount of HP-β-CD/drug the final loading of the NCs increased due to increased solubilization of simvastatin in the presence of HP-β-CD. The in vitro release profile of prepared NCs showed initial fast release (burst effect) followed by a delayed release pattern. In conclusion, these nanocarriers constitute a novel and efficient system for encapsulation and oral delivery of poorly soluble drugs.
KeywordsHydroxylpropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-β-CD) Nanocarrier Chitosan Tripolyphosphate Novel drug delivery system
The authors are thankful to AICTE [F.No.: 8023/BOR/RPS-153/2006-07] New Delhi for financial assistance. Authors are thankful to Ranbaxy, India for providing pure drug and Dr. Denis Simon and Emilie Van- Oudendycke of Roquette, Lestrem, France for providing hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin. Authors also extend their gratitude to Head, University Institute of pharmacy, Pt., Ravishankar Shukla University, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India for providing facilities to carry out research work.
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