Complex Formation of Crown Ethers with Cations in the Water–Organic Solvent Mixtures. Part VII. Thermodynamic of Interactions of Na+ Ion with 15-Crown-5 Ether in the Mixture of Water with N,N-Dimethylacetamide at 298.15 K

  • Ma ł gorzata Jóźwiak


The thermodynamic functions of the complex formation of 15-crown-5 ether with sodium cation in mixtures of water with N,N-dimethylacetamide at 298.15 K are calculated. The equilibrium constants of complex formation of 15-crown-5 ether with sodium cation have been determined by conductivity measurements. The enthalpic effect of complex formation has been measured by a calorimetric method at 298.15 K. The complexes are enthalpy-stabilized but entropy-destabilized in this mixed solvent. A quantitative dependence of the excess molar enthalpy and entropy of complex formation on the structural and energetic properties of interactions between water and organic solvent molecules in the mixtures of water with N,N-dimethylacetamide, N,N-dimethylformamide and dimethylsulfoxide has been found. The linear entropy–enthalpy relationship for complex formation is also presented. The solvation enthalpy of the complex in the water–N,N-dimethylacetamide mixtures is discussed.

complex of 15-crown-5 with sodium cation enthalpy of solution entropy–enthalpy relationship N N-dimethylacetamide-water mixture solvation of complex thermodynamic functions of complex formation 


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© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ma ł gorzata Jóźwiak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical ChemistryUniversity of LodzPoland

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