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Journal of Intelligent & Robotic Systems

, Volume 76, Issue 1, pp 57–71 | Cite as

Evaluation of a Small Socially-Assistive Humanoid Robot in Intelligent Homes for the Care of the Elderly

  • Elena Torta
  • Franz Werner
  • David O. Johnson
  • James F. Juola
  • Raymond H. Cuijpers
  • Marco Bazzani
  • Johannes Oberzaucher
  • John Lemberger
  • Hadas Lewy
  • Joseph Bregman
Article

Abstract

The ageing population phenomenon is pushing the design of innovative solutions to provide assistance to the elderly. In this context a socially–assistive robot can act as a proactive interface in a smart-home environment, providing multimodal communication channels and generating positive feelings in users. The present paper reports results of a short term and a long term evaluation of a small socially assistive humanoid robot in a smart home environment. Eight elderly people tested an integrated smart–home robot system in five real–world scenarios. Six of the participants experienced the system in two sessions over a two week period; the other two participants had a prolonged experience of eight sessions over a three month period. Results showed that the small humanoid robot was trusted by the participants. A cross–cultural comparison showed that results were not due to the cultural background of the participants. The long term evaluation showed that the participants might engage in an emotional relationship with the robot, but that perceived enjoyment might decrease over time.

Keywords

Socially–assistive robots Almere model Technology acceptance User studies 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Torta
    • 1
  • Franz Werner
    • 2
  • David O. Johnson
    • 1
  • James F. Juola
    • 1
  • Raymond H. Cuijpers
    • 1
  • Marco Bazzani
    • 3
  • Johannes Oberzaucher
    • 2
  • John Lemberger
    • 4
  • Hadas Lewy
    • 4
  • Joseph Bregman
    • 4
  1. 1.Eindhoven University of TechnologyEindhovenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.CEIT RaltecInstitute of Rehabilitation and Assistive Living TechnologiesSchwechatAustria
  3. 3.Istituto Superiore Mario BoellaTorinoItaly
  4. 4.Maccabi Health Care ServicesTel-AvivIsrael

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