The asset administration shell (AAS) has a virtual representation as an asset description and technical functionality as a smart manufacturing service. A digital twin (DT) is an advanced virtual factory technology that has simulation as its core technical functionality, which it performs in the type and instance stages of the physical asset. For providing an efficient information object to the DT application, this paper proposes Virtual REpresentation for a DIgital twin application (VREDI): an asset description for the operation procedures of a work-center-level DT application. For the successful application of DT as a smart factory technology, VREDI is designed to meet four core technical requirements—DT definition, AAS property inheritance, improving the existing asset description, and supporting DT-based technical functionalities. Based on the analysis of the technical requirements, the elements of VREDI are derived and the reference relationships between them are designed. It is then possible to provide the required technical functionality using the VREDI header, and a detailed P4R structure and elements of the body are defined. VREDI is applied to the concept to support the main properties of the DT. It is designed to inherit the AAS properties for efficient information management and interoperability. The application of advanced concepts such as “type and instance” and supporting vertical integration and horizontal coordination overcomes the limitations of the existing asset descriptions. Additionally, VREDI designates elements for supporting six DT-based technical functionalities in the type and instance stages of the physical work center.
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Asset administration shell
Application programming interface
Bill of materials
Core manufacturing simulation data
Configuration data library
Computerized numerical control
Cyber physical production system
Cyber physical system
Commercial off-the-shelf simulation package interoperability
Discrete event simulation
Data description language
Information and communication technology
Industrial internet of things
Internet of things
Microsoft foundation class
Material handling conveyor
Material handling equipment
Material handling robots
Material handling vehicle
Modular manufacturing system
Micro smart factory
Mean time between failures
Mean time to repair
Neutral simulation schema
Product, process, plan, plant, and resource
Programmable logic controller
Reference architectural model industrie
Representational state transfer
Simple object access protocol
Standard for the exchange of product
Unified modeling language
Virtual representation for a digital twin application
Windows communication foundation
Work in process
Extensible markup language
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This work was supported by the IT R&D Program of MOTIE/KEIT (10052972, Development of the Reconfigurable Manufacturing Core Technology Based on the Flexible Assembly and ICT Converged Smart Systems) and the WC300 Project (S2482274, Development of Multi-vehicle Flexible Manufacturing Platform Technology for Future Smart Automotive Body Production) funded by the Ministry of SMEs and Startups.
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Park, K.T., Yang, J. & Noh, S.D. VREDI: virtual representation for a digital twin application in a work-center-level asset administration shell. J Intell Manuf 32, 501–544 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10845-020-01586-x
- Asset description
- Digital twin
- Digital-twin-based technical functionality
- Service-oriented architecture
- Virtual representation
- Work-center-level asset administration shell