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Journal of Insect Conservation

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 723–736 | Cite as

Diversity distribution of saproxylic beetles in Chilean Mediterranean forests: influence of spatiotemporal heterogeneity and perturbation

  • Alejandra García-López
  • Ana Paola Martínez-Falcón
  • Estefanía Micó
  • Patricia Estrada
  • Audrey A. Grez
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

Mediterranean ecosystems have been recognized as a priority for biodiversity conservation due to their high levels of species richness and endemism. In South America, these environments are restricted to central Chile and represent a biodiversity hotspot. The study of saproxylic beetles in this area is an unexplored topic, despite the ecological role they play in these ecosystems and their potential usefulness for monitoring the degree of forest conservation. We investigated the diversity distribution of trophic guilds of saproxylic beetles in Chilean Mediterranean forests, to identify the main environmental variables that influence their distribution. We also analyzed seasonal dynamics as a key factor influencing insect communities and the effect of human disturbance on their diversity and composition. We identified characteristic species of perturbation degree as bioindicators for habitat monitoring. A total of 40 window traps were used to survey three Mediterranean forest types in the Río Clarillo National Reserve and the adjacent non-protected areas. We found that the diversity, abundance and composition of saproxylic beetles varied significantly spatiotemporally among the studied forest types and among perturbation degrees, showing different patterns depending on the trophic guild. Results indicated that conservation decisions should include the preservation of a larger range of different vegetation types and the nearby zones that have suffered low levels of disturbance or fragmentation and where actions promoting the presence of old native trees would have a significant conservation value.

Keywords

Diversity turnover Indicator species Saproxylic trophic guilds True diversity Río Clarillo 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial support was given by the research Project FONDECYT 3140322 (Fondo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología) of the Chilean Government. We thank J. Solervicens and M. Elgueta for their help with species identification and guild assignment. We are also grateful to the Río Clarillo National Reserve Administration for their continued assistance in the field work; A. González and E. Gazzano for their support during the traps installation and the environmental data collection; L. Ulloa for sharing his experienced vision of the Reserve and for helping in the collection of the specimens; I. Mellado Huenulef for his help in sample processing.

Supplementary material

10841_2016_9905_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (281 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 280 KB)
10841_2016_9905_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (285 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 284 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alejandra García-López
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ana Paola Martínez-Falcón
    • 3
  • Estefanía Micó
    • 2
  • Patricia Estrada
    • 4
  • Audrey A. Grez
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Ecología de Ambientes FragmentadosUniversidad de ChileSantiagoChile
  2. 2.Centro Iberoamericano de la BiodiversidadUniversidad de AlicanteAlicanteSpain
  3. 3.Laboratorio de Ecología de Comunidades, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Instituto de Ciencias Básicas e IngenieríaUniversidad Autónoma del Estado de HidalgoPachucaMexico
  4. 4.Instituto de EntomologíaUniversidad Metropolitana de Ciencias de la EducaciónSantiagoChile

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