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Journal of Insect Conservation

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 1113–1123 | Cite as

Effect of climatic variables and vine crops on the epigeic ant fauna (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Campanha region, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

  • João Luis Osório Rosado
  • Michel Gonçalves de Gonçalves
  • William Dröse
  • Eduardo José Ely e Silva
  • Rodrigo Ferreira Krüger
  • Alci Enimar Loeck
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

Ants are being widely studied in different Brazilian biomes due to their sensitivity to environmental changes. Therefore, in order to evaluate the effect of climatic variables on species richness, as well as the impact caused by vineyards on the epigeic ant fauna in the region of the Pampa biome, more specifically in the physiographic region of Campanha, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, a survey was performed on three farms, for a period of 2 years. On each farm, samples were obtained within the vineyards and in the surrounding grassland vegetation, which is similar to that which preceded the cultivation of vines. Twenty pitfall traps were installed in each environment. A total of 70 species belonging to 24 genera and seven subfamilies were collected. The analysis confirmed that the species richness was influenced by temperature and rainfall, and that the vineyards behave like other agricultural systems, causing a significant change in the structure of the ant assemblage when compared to grassland areas.

Keywords

Abiotic factors Agroecosystems Bioindicators Pitfall Vineyards Pampa biome 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Helter Lopes, Marcieli Hobuss, Melina Gomes, Ricardo Dessbesell and Tânia Bayer for their assistance in the collections. They also thank the Museum of Zoology of São Paulo University and Rodrigo M. Feitosa for confirming the identification of the collected species. They thank the farms and their staff for their support and provision of the study areas and the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) for providing a scholarship to the first author.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • João Luis Osório Rosado
    • 1
  • Michel Gonçalves de Gonçalves
    • 1
  • William Dröse
    • 1
  • Eduardo José Ely e Silva
    • 1
  • Rodrigo Ferreira Krüger
    • 2
  • Alci Enimar Loeck
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Protection DepartmentFederal University of Pelotas, UFPelPelotasBrazil
  2. 2.Microbiology and Parasitology DepartmentFederal University of Pelotas, UFPelPelotasBrazil

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