Journal of Insect Conservation

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 949–960 | Cite as

Grasshoppers and bushcrickets regionally extinct in the Czech Republic: consequence of the disappearance of habitats scattered on the edge of their ranges

  • Jaroslav Holusa


According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, taxa extinct within a region but extant in other parts of the world should be classified as Regionally Extinct (RE). A taxon is designated RE when there is no reasonable doubt that the last individual capable of reproduction within a region has died or disappeared. A taxon can also be designated RE if it previously but no longer visited a particular region. The species Arcyptera fusca, Arcyptera microptera, Celes variabilis, Gampsocleis glabra, Locusta migratoria, Oedaleus decorus, and Stenobothrus rubicundulus had previously been found in only a small number of localities in the Czech Republic. We studied localities in the Czech Republic where they had been been previously reported but where their occurences had not been recently confirmed; the last specimens were observed in the 1940, 1960, or 1970s. All these species occurred at Czech localities representing borderline areas for such sub-Mediterranean and mountainous (Carpathian) species. The localities therefore had not offered optimal conditions for these insects, and the suitable biotopes were also scattered and isolated from each other. In most cases, these biotopes had disappeared due to change in management (either to natural or artificial forestation). Although certain of these species are excellent flyers (especially O. decorus), the known recent localities are separated by hundreds of kilometers. Based on our failure to find these species after extensive attempts, we conclude that discussed species should be considered regionally extinct in the Czech Republic. These species are of particularly vulnerable vegetation structures. The loss of these species indicate urgency for assessing status of co-occuring taxa.


Grasshopper Bushcricket Extinction Analysis Czech Republic 



The research was partly supported by the Ministry of Agriculture of the Czech Republic (project QH 71094). Author would like to thank to Dr. Bruce Jaffee (JaffeEdit) for linguistic and editorial improvements.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Forest Protection and Game Management, Faculty of Forestry and Wood SciencesCzech University of Life SciencesPrague 6-SuchdolCzech Republic

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