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Journal of Insect Conservation

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 257–267 | Cite as

Lepidopteran species richness of alpine sites in the High Sudetes Mts.: effect of area and isolation

  • Karolina Bila
  • Tomas Kuras
  • Jan Sipos
  • Pavel Kindlmann
ORIGINAL PAPER

Abstract

Alpine sites in the High Sudetes Mts. host—due to their history and special climatic conditions—unique assemblages of lepidopteran species. We used data from ten of these sites to study species richness of the lepidopteran fauna and to test the effect of site area, distance to the nearest site and connectivity. For this, we used cluster analyses, species–area relationship and the incidence function model, followed by canonical analysis to test the importance of individual factors. The list of species was compiled from available literature sources with regard to recent findings. Species richness depended significantly on all geographic factors—area, distance and connectivity. Large alpine sites were more species-rich than smaller ones and remote sites differed in species composition from the others. We conclude that any decrease of the area of these sites will drastically affect the unique lepidopteran assemblages living in the High Sudetes Mts.

Keywords

Central Europe Alpine habitats Island biogeography Incidence function model Species–area relationship Species richness 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Vaclav Treml for providing geographical data regarding timberline, site locations and situation map of the High Sudetes Mts. (Fig. 1). We are also obliged to Jan Liska for classifying species from the Krkonose-West and Krkonose-East and Tony Dixon for English correction. This research was funded by the Ministry of Environment of the Czech Republic (projects VaV SM/6/70/05 and VaV/620/15/03), grant No. IG UP 913104041/31 and by the MSMT grants CzechGlobe—Reg.No. CZ.1.05/1.1.00/02.0073, and LC06073.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karolina Bila
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tomas Kuras
    • 1
  • Jan Sipos
    • 1
  • Pavel Kindlmann
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of SciencePalacky University OlomoucOlomoucCzech Republic
  2. 2.Department of Biodiversity ResearchGlobal Change Research Centre AS CRCeske BudejoviceCzech Republic
  3. 3.Institute of Environmental StudiesCharles UniversityPrague 2Czech Republic

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