Endovascular management of pacemaker-induced brachio-axillo-subclavian venous chronic total occlusion



Brachio-axillo-subclavian veins Deep venous thrombosis Dyslipidemia 


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    Mandal, S., Pande, A., Mandal, D., et al. (2012). Permanent pacemaker-related upper extremity deep vein thrombosis: a series of 20 cases. Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 35(10), 1194–1198.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Hall, J. D., Murray, J. D., & Boswell, G. E. (1995). Venous stent placement as an adjunct to the staged, multimodal treatment Paget-Schroetter syndrome. Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, 6, 565–569.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MissouriColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.Arkansas Heart HospitalLittle RockUSA

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