Single-center experience of a quadripolar pacing lead for cardiac resynchronization therapy
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Recent studies have shown that a quadripolar left ventricular (LV) lead can result in low rates of dislocation and phrenic nerve stimulation (PNS) acutely and on medium-term follow-up in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). We evaluated the outcomes of CRT patients in whom a quadripolar LV lead was implanted in our institution.
We studied 45 consecutive heart failure patients (75 % men; age, 70.3 ± 9.0 years) following successful implantation of a quadripolar LV lead. Demographic and clinical data were collected preoperatively, and patients were followed up for 18.9 months.
The implantation success rate was 100 %. Mean overall duration was 100.1 ± 34.6 min, and X-ray exposure time was 13.20 ± 13.5 min. The most distal effective pacing site was used as the final pacing configuration in all patients. Acute dislodgment requiring reoperation occurred before discharge in three cases (6.6 %). Six patients (13 %) suffered PNS during follow-up; we solved this problem by changing the stimulation vector. Three months after implantation, a mean of six out of ten effective sites (threshold <2.5 V at 1.5 ms, no PNS) per patient was recorded.
Over the relatively long term, the quadripolar LV lead was associated with excellent pacing thresholds and low rates of dislocation and PNS.
KeywordsCardiac resynchronization therapy Quadripolar left ventricular lead Phrenic nerve stimulation
Cardiac resynchronization therapy
Phrenic nerve stimulation
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