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A relationship between mitral valve prolapse and subtypes of supraventricular tachycardia

  • Alim Erdem
  • Osman Can Yontar
  • Serkan Öztürk
  • Suzi Selim Ayhan
  • Mehmet Fatih Özlü
  • Fatma Hızal Erdem
  • Mehmet Yazıcı
Article
  • 226 Downloads

Abstract

Aim

The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of mitral valve prolapse (MVP) in patients with supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) who were diagnosed by intracardiac electrophysiological study (EPS).

Method

The study was a retrospective cohort of 378 adult patients (128 males and 250 females, 17 to 63 years) admitted with EPS. We included 267 SVT patients (58.4 % (n = 156) atria-ventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT), 30 % (n = 80) atria-ventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT), 6.4 % (n = 17) atrial tachycardia (AT), and 5.2 % (n = 14) other). MVP prevalence was compared in individuals with SVT.

Results

MVP prevalence was found 27.7 % (n = 74) in patients with SVT. In subgroup analyses, there was a significant difference between AVRT and others about MVP prevalence (AVRT 52.7 % n = 39, AVNRT 33.8 % n = 25, AT 9.5 % n = 7, and others 4.1 % n = 3; p < 0.005). Also, there was a significant difference between females and males (75.7 % (n = 56); 24.3 % (n = 18); p < 0.05). There was a significant negative correlation between age and MVP just in female group (r = −0.116, p = 0.024).

Conclusion

It was demonstrated in our study that AVRT and female sex may be related to MVP in SVT patients. It was dedicated from these results that the existence of arrhythmia should be focused on young female subjects with MVP more than the others.

Keywords

Arrhythmia Mitral valve prolapse Supraventricular Tachycardia 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alim Erdem
    • 1
    • 3
  • Osman Can Yontar
    • 2
  • Serkan Öztürk
    • 1
  • Suzi Selim Ayhan
    • 1
  • Mehmet Fatih Özlü
    • 1
  • Fatma Hızal Erdem
    • 2
  • Mehmet Yazıcı
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Medicine, Cardiology DepartmentAbant Izzet Baysal UniversityBoluTurkey
  2. 2.Cardiology DepartmentSivas Numune HospitalSivasTurkey
  3. 3.Beşkavaklar Mah. Ulubatlı SokBoluTurkey

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