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Impact of left ventricular lead position on the incidence of ventricular arrhythmia and clinical outcome in patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy

  • Thomas Kleemann
  • Torsten Becker
  • Margit Strauss
  • Ngoc Dyck
  • Steffen Schneider
  • Udo Weisse
  • Werner Saggau
  • Bernd Cornelius
  • Günter Layer
  • Karlheinz Seidl
Article

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of ventricular arrhythmia and clinical outcome in patients receiving a cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) depending on the left ventricular (LV) lead position.

Methods

A total of 187 consecutive patients with advanced heart failure who received a CRT-implantable cardioverter defibrillator were analyzed. Forty patients (21%) had a LV lead in the anterior/apical (anterior) and 147 patients (79%) in the posterior/posterolateral (posterior) region. The total median follow-up time was 644 days.

Results

The incidence of ventricular arrhythmia was 35% in patients with an anterior LV lead versus 30% in patients with a posterior LV lead (p = 0.53). The 1- and 2-year mortality in the anterior LV lead group was 19% and 22%, as compared with 0.7% and 3.2%, respectively, in the posterior LV lead group (p < 0.001). In a multivariable analysis, an anterior LV lead was independently associated with an increased mortality (hazard ratio 5.88, 95% confidence interval 2.22–16.67). The major cause of death was end-stage heart failure whereas the incidence of sudden cardiac death was not different between both groups.

Conclusions

Thus, biventricular pacing with an anterior LV lead seems to have no impact on the incidence of ventricular arrhythmia but may be associated with an increased mortality rate due to worsening heart failure.

Keywords

Cardiac resynchronization therapy Lead position Pacing Prognosis Ventricular arrhythmia 

Abbreviations and Acronyms

CRT

Cardiac resynchronization therapy

CRT-D

Cardiac resynchronization therapy - implantable cardioverter defibrillator

ICD

Implantable cardioverter defibrillator

LV

Left ventricular

LVEDD

Left ventricular end-diastolic dimension

NYHA

New York Heart Association

VT

Ventricular tachycardia

VF

Ventricular fibrillation

Notes

Conflict of Interest

None

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Kleemann
    • 1
  • Torsten Becker
    • 1
  • Margit Strauss
    • 1
  • Ngoc Dyck
    • 1
  • Steffen Schneider
    • 2
  • Udo Weisse
    • 1
  • Werner Saggau
    • 1
  • Bernd Cornelius
    • 3
  • Günter Layer
    • 3
  • Karlheinz Seidl
    • 1
  1. 1.Cardiac Arrhythmia Center at the Heart Center of LudwigshafenLudwigshafenGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Herzinfarktforschung Ludwigshafen an der Universität HeidelbergLudwigshafenGermany
  3. 3.Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Klinikum LudwigshafenAcademic Teaching Hospital of Johannes-Gutenberg-University of MainzLudwigshafenGermany

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