Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology

, Volume 19, Issue 3, pp 165–166 | Cite as

Venous valves: Unseen obstructions to coronary access

  • Sara E. Anderson
  • Alexander J. Hill
  • Paul A. Iaizzo


Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Coronary Sinus Pace Lead Venous Valve Great Cardiac Vein 
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Supplementary material


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sara E. Anderson
    • 1
  • Alexander J. Hill
    • 2
  • Paul A. Iaizzo
    • 1
  1. 1.SurgeryUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA
  2. 2.Medtronic Inc.MinneapolisUSA

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