Focal ablation for atrial fibrillation originating from the inferior vena cava and the posterior left atrium
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We identified a case of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) originating from inferior vena cava (IVC) and the low-posterior left atrium (LA). Both foci, the IVC and the low-posterior LA, simultaneously served not only as trigger but also as driver for maintenance of AF. During AF, the IVC and the low-posterior LA continuously demonstrated the rapid and fractionated potentials that exit into both atria with conduction block. Focal ablation for ectopic beats within the IVC and the low-posterior LA completely eliminated the storm of AF.
KeywordsInferior vena cava Atrial fibrillation Catheter ablation
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