Self-Employed Individuals, Time Use, and Earnings
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This paper analyzes the time allocation of self-employed individuals and the impact of housework activities on earnings of self-employed individuals. In contrast to men and women in paid employment time allocation of self-employed individuals was more gendered with men performing more market work. Also differences in daily routine of activities occurred. While descriptive statistics and pooled OLS earnings regressions indicated a negative correlation between time spent on housework activities and earnings, fixed effects earnings regressions only showed a significantly negative impact on monthly earnings of self-employed men. This impact disappeared after controlling for potential endogeneity via instrumental variable estimators.
KeywordsSelf-employment Time use Earnings Gender earnings gap Germany
JEL ClassificationJ16 J31 J22
I would like to thank Claus Schnabel, two anonymous referees, and the editor of this journal for very helpful suggestions. I also appreciate the comments received from participants of a Ph.D. seminar at Nuremberg.
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