How Parental Involvement Affects Childhood Behavioral Outcomes
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National Educational and Longitudinal Study 1988 (NELS88) data were used to examine the impact of parental involvement measures on the behavioral outcomes of high-school students. Parents’ general sense of involvement with the community, as well as non-school child-helping groups, were used as instruments for whether these parents were educationally involved with their child. The instrumental variables strategy helped quantify the true effect of parental involvement on own-child behavioral outcomes. The results showed that parental involvement led to better child behavioral outcomes at the high school level, and that this effect was strengthened in the instrumental variables results.
KeywordsParental involvement Suspension Arrest Childhood behavior
JEL ClassificationD19 I29
This work would not have been possible without generous funding from the UCLA Higher Education Fellowship. I would like to thank David Card, Raj Chetty, Joni Hersch, David S. Lee, Enrico Moretti and Steven Raphael for valuable advice. I have also received helpful comments from George Akerlof, Tanguy Brachet, Laura Chioda, Michael Grossman, Francisco Martorel, Sara Rosen-Frank and Till Von Wachter. Last, but certainly not least, I would also like to thank the editor and the outstanding anonymous referees who provided invaluable comments in helping to refine this manuscript. Outstanding research assistance was provided by Yunyun Lv. All mistakes are solely my own.
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