Journal of Educational Change

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 359–364 | Cite as

What PISA really evaluates: literacy or students’ universes of reference?



Test Item Immigrant Student Cognitive Competency School Knowledge School Situation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ESCOL-ESSI Research GroupUniversity of Paris 8Saint-Denis CedexFrance

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