In this letter, MnO2-doped (Bi0.5Na0.5)0.94Ba0.06TiO3 (BNBT-6) lead-free piezoelectric ceramics were synthesized by solid state reaction, and the microstructure and electrical properties of the ceramics were investigated. X-ray diffraction (XRD) reveals that all specimens take on single perovskite type structure, and the diffraction peaks shift to a large angle as the MnO2 addition increases. Scanning electron microscopy shows that the grain sizes increases, and then decreases with increasing the MnO2 content. The experiment results indicate that the electrical properties of ceramics are significantly influenced by the MnO2 content, and the ceramics with homogeneous microstructure and excellent electrical properties are obtained with addition of 0.3 wt% MnO2 and sintered at 1160°C. The piezoelectric constant (d33), the electromechanical coupling factor (kp), the dissipation factor (tan δ) and the dielectric constant (ɛr) reach 160 pC/N, 0.29, 0.026 and 879, respectively. These excellent properties indicate that the MnO2-doped BNBT-6 ceramics can be used for actuators.
BNBT-6 ceramic MnO2 doping Solid state reaction Microstructure Electrical properties
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This work was financially supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 10374064) and Education Office Science Foundation of Shannxi province, China (Grant No.03JK061).
Y. Saito, H. Takao, T. Tani, T. Nonoyama, K. Takatori, T. Homma, T. Nagaya, M. Nakamura, Nature 432, 84–87 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar