Phase formations during mechanochemical synthesis of PbTiO3
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Lead titanate nanopowders were fabricated by mechanochemical synthesis from lead oxide and titanium dioxide. The milling process has been carefully investigated by X-ray diffraction and X-ray excited photoelectron spectroscopy. The first traces of perovskite phase were detected after 5 h synthesis. It was found that intermediated phases (Ti10O18 and Pb3O4) have been formed at the early stage of synthesis. The 50 h milling results in single perovskite phase with average crystallite size of 20 nm.
KeywordsMechanochemical synthesis Lead titanate Perovskite structure
This work was partially founded by Polish Ministry of Science (PBZ-MIN-012/KBN/2004) and European Commission (POLECER G5RT-CT-2001-05024).
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