Synthesis and UV-shielding properties of silica-coated calcia-doped ceria nanoparticles via soft solution processes
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White nanoparticles of calcia-doped ceria were prepared from the precipitate by reacting CeCl3-CaCl2mixed solution with NaOH solution at pH 12 and the oxidation with hydrogen peroxide solution at 40∘C, followed by the calcination at 700∘C for 1 h. The sample before calcination contained significant amount of OH− in the lattice and was yellow, but the powders calcined above 700∘C were white, indicating that cation defect formed by replacing O2 − with OH− played as the color center. It is confirmed that calcia-doped ceria showed much lower photocatalytic activity as well as lower generation of singlet oxygen under UV light irradiation than those with titania and zinc oxide. Calcia-doped ceria particles were coated with amorphous silica by means of sol-gel reaction technique using hydrolysis of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) or acid hydrolysis of sodium silicate. The silica coating by sol-gel reaction with TEOS was much more efficient for the reduction of catalytic activity of ceria for the oxidation of organic materials without loss of UV-shielding ability than that by acid hydrolysis of sodium silicate.
KeywordsCeria Calcia doping Silica coating UV-shielding Oxidation catalytic activity
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