The effect of carboxymethyl cellulose swelling on the stability of natural graphite particulates in an aqueous medium for lithium ion battery anodes
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The effect of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) swelling on the stability and chemical properties of a natural graphite suspension in an aqueous medium was investigated. Suspensions prepared at different pH were characterized according to swelling behavior, rheology, green microstructural observation, and measurement of the pore size. A correlation was found between dispersion stability and electrochemical performance. It was found that the swelling of CMC was a critical factor influencing the stability of graphite suspensions. This was evidenced by observations of the green microstructures and changes noted in sedimentation behaviors. Electrochemical experiments using a Li/organic electrolyte/natural graphite anode half-cell and 750 mAh-class lithium ion cells exhibited an initial discharge capacity above 340 mAh g−1 and an improved charge-discharge efficiency.
KeywordsLithium ion battery Aqueous processing Natural graphite Swelling behavior Stability
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