Journal of Electroceramics

, Volume 17, Issue 2–4, pp 509–513 | Cite as

Application of spark plasma sintering for growing dense Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–35 mol% PbTiO3 single crystal by solid-state crystal growth

  • Jong-Keuk Park
  • Ui-Jin Chung
  • Doh-Yeon Kim
1. Informatics: Dielectrics, Ferroelectrics, and Piezoelectrics


This study examined the effect of spark plasma sintering (SPS) on the densification behavior and resulting dielectric and piezoelectric properties of Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–35 mol% PbTiO3 ceramics with a 5 mol% excess of PbO. Through normal sintering at 1200C, the density of the specimen reached only 92% of the theoretical density (TD). However, with the SPS treatment, the density of the PMN-PT ceramics increased to more than 99% of the TD at 900C, and maintained over 98% of the TD during subsequent heat-treatment at 1200C for 10 h. The increased density of the Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3–35 mol% PbTiO3 ceramics resulted in an improvement in the dielectric and piezoelectric properties. The SPS treatment was also successfully applied to the densification of a PMN-PT single crystal grown on a BaTiO3 seed crystal using a solid-state crystal growth (SSCG) process.


Spark plasma sintering PMN-35PT Density Single crystal Solid-state crystal growth 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    K. Uchino, Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull., 65, 647 (1986).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S.W. Choi, T.R. Shrout, S.J. Jang, and A.S. Bhalla, Ferroelectrics, 100, 29 (1989).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    T.R. Shrout, Z.P. Chang, N. Kim, and S. Markgraf, Ferroelectrics Letters, 12, 63 (1990).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S.-E. Park and T.R. Shrout, J. Appl. Phys., 82, 1804 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S.-E. Park and T.R. Shrout, IEEE Trans on Ultasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control Special Issues on Ultrasonic Transducer, 44, 1140 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. Li, A.M. Scotch, H.M. Chan, M.P. Harmer, S.-E. Park, T.R. Shrout, and J.R. Michael, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 81, 244 (1998).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Khan, F.A. Meschke, T. Li, A.M. Scotch, H.M. Chan, and M.P. Harmer, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 82, 2958 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D.S. Perera, M. Tokita, and S. Moricca, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 18, 401 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    T. Takeuchi, M. Tabuchi, H. Kageyama, and Y. Suyama, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 82, 939 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. Hong, L. Gao, S.D.D.L. Torre, H. Miyamoto, and K. Miyamoto, Mater. Lett., 43, 27 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jong-Keuk, Park, Ui-Jin Chung, Nong, M. Hwang, and Doh-Yeon Kim, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 84, 3057 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    S.L. Swartz and T.R. Shrout, Mater. Res. Bull., 17, 1245 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ho-Yong Lee, Jae-Suk Kim, and Doh-Yeon Kim, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 20, 1595 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J.-H. Han and D.-Y. Kim, Acta Metall. mater., 43, 3185 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Proc. IRE, 49, 1161 (1961).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    U.-C. Oh, Y.-S. Chung, and D.-Y. Kim, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 71, 854 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    K.-S. Oh, D.-Y. Kim, and S.-J. Cho, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 79, 1723 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J.-W. Son, D.-Y. Kim, and P. Boch, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 81, 2489 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Z.-G. Ye, P. Tissor, and H. Schmid,, Mater. Res. Bull., 25, 739 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    B. Jaffe, W.R. Cook, Jr., and H. Jaffe, Piezoelectric Ceramics (Academic Press, London, U.K., 1971), pp. 117.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    P. Papet, J.P. Dougherty, and T.R. Shrout, J. Mater. Res., 5, 2902 (1990).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    T.R. Shrout, U. Kumar, M. Megherhi, N. Yang, and S.-J. Jang, Ferroelectrics, 76, 479 (1987).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ui-Jin Chung, Jong-Keuk Park, Nong M. Hwang, Ho-Yong Lee, and Doh-Yeon Kim, J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 85, 965 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jong-Keuk Park
    • 1
  • Ui-Jin Chung
    • 2
  • Doh-Yeon Kim
    • 2
  1. 1.Thin Film Materials Research CenterKorea Institute of Science and TechnologySeoulKorea
  2. 2.School of Materials Science and Engineering and Center for Microstructure Science of MaterialsSeoul National Univ.SeoulKorea

Personalised recommendations