A probabilistic method for determining cortical dynamics during seizures
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This work presents a probabilistic method for inferring the parameter ranges in a biologically relevant mathematical model of the cortex most likely to be producing seizures observed in an electrocorticogram (ECoG) signal from a human subject. Additionally, this method produces a probabilistic pathway of the temporal evolution of physiological state in the cortex over the course of individual seizures, leveraging a model of the cortex that describes cortical physiology. We describe ways in which these methods and results offer insights into seizure etiology and have the potential to suggest new treatment options. To directly account for the stochastic and noisy nature of the mathematical model and the ECoG signal, we use a probabilistic Bayesian framework to map features of ECoG segments onto a distribution of likelihoods over physiologically-relevant parameter states. A Hidden Markov Model (HMM) is then introduced to incorporate the belief that cortical physiology has both temporal continuity and also a degree of reproducibility between individual seizures. By inspecting the ratio of likelihoods between HMMs run under two possible parameter regions, both of which produce seizures in the model, we determine which physiological parameter regions are more likely to be causing the observed seizures. We show that between individual seizures, there is consistency in these likelihood ratios between hypothesized regions, in the temporal pathways calculated, and in the separation of seizure from non-seizure time segment likelihood maps.
KeywordsCortex Seizure Epilepsy HMM
This work was partially supported by an NSF Graduate Research Fellowship and in part by the National Science Foundation through the research grant CMMI 1031811. We would also like to thank Kevin Haas and Prashanth Selvaraj for their suggestions and insights.
Conflict of interests
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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