Mechanism of conduction block in amphibian myelinated axon induced by biphasic electrical current at ultra-high frequency
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The mechanism of axonal conduction block induced by ultra-high frequency (≥20 kHz) biphasic electrical current was investigated using a lumped circuit model of the amphibian myelinated axon based on Frankenhaeuser-Huxley (FH) equations. The ultra-high frequency stimulation produces constant activation of both sodium and potassium channels at the axonal node under the block electrode causing the axonal conduction block. This blocking mechanism is different from the mechanism when the stimulation frequency is between 4 kHz and 10 kHz, where only the potassium channel is constantly activated. The minimal stimulation intensity required to induce a conduction block increases as the stimulation frequency increases. The results from this simulation study are useful to guide future animal experiments to reveal the different mechanisms underlying nerve conduction block induced by high-frequency biphasic electrical current.
KeywordsAxon Electrical stimulation High frequency Model Nerve block
This work is supported by the NIH under grants DK-068566, DK-090006, DK-077783, and by Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation.
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