Childbirth and Alcohol Consumption Impact of Recent Childbirth on Alcohol Consumption
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While the devastating effects of parental alcohol use on children’s health are well known, the specific impact of childbirth on parental alcohol consumption has rarely been examined in the general population. We sought to examine patterns of alcohol use associated with childbirth. Data were drawn from the US National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. We compared successively the characteristics of alcohol use among females living with a child under 1 year with (i) those of females not living with children under 1 year and (ii) those of females living with an older child. Mean daily ethanol intake was lower among females living with a child under 1 than among females either not living with children under 1 year (p < 0.001) or living with an older child (p < 0.01). Moreover, low-to-mild drinking frequencies fell among females living with a child under 1, compared with females either not living with children under 1 year (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 0.56; 95% CI [0.40, 0.80] for at least once a month and AOR = 0.40; 95% CI [0.27, 0.58] for less than once a month) or living with an older child (AOR = 0.52; 95% CI [0.36, 0.75] for at least once a month and AOR = 0.66, 95% CI [0.46, 0.94] for less than a month). No significant difference was found for males. Our study suggests that childbirth, as opposed to motherhood per se, reduces several (though not all) dimensions of alcohol consumption in females, but not in males.
KeywordsAlcohol Childbirth NESARC Motherhood Addiction
F.L. designed the study, assisted with the data analyses, and wrote the paper; Y.L.S., collaborated with the design and writing of the study; N.H., analyzed the data and wrote the paper; C.A. collaborated with the writing of the paper; C.D. collaborated in the writing and editing of the final manuscript.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Paris Descartes University provided 378IRB approval for the study.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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