Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 27, Issue 5, pp 1492–1501 | Cite as

Parenthood as a Determining Factor of Satisfaction in Couple Relationships

  • Antonio Urbano-Contreras
  • Raquel-Amaya Martínez-González
  • María-Teresa Iglesias-García
Original Paper


This study aimed to meet whether there are differences in satisfaction with the relationship according to having children or not and whether these differences are determined by gender, and to establish predictive models explaining the satisfaction based on having children or not. This study included 620 volunteer participants (57.7% women and 42.3% men; 57.9% did not have children, and 42.1% did have), not minors and maintaining a couple relationship at that time. The Satisfaction in Couple Relationship Scale (SCR) was used in the study, made up of ten items and with a reliability of .93. The contrast of satisfaction between people with children and without children was carried out using the Student’s t, and gender differences by using ANOVA (analyzing as well the interaction between gender and children with ANOVA of two factors —gender and children). Moreover, a multiple linear regression analysis identified a multivariate predictive model of the satisfaction with the couple relationship according to the gender. General results showed greater rates of satisfaction among the couples, although persons not having children show greater rates of satisfaction with the couple relationship. According to the gender, mothers show less satisfaction. On the other hand, the greatest predictive factor of the satisfaction is related to feeling excited about the couple relationship. In the face of results obtained, it can be concluded with the need for supporting couples with children in order to strengthen their relationships and hence being able to properly face the challenges of the parenthood.


Parenthood Children Couple relationships Satisfaction Gender 



This work is part of the project EDU2012-38074, granted by the Spanish Ministry of Finance and Competitiveness and the University of Oviedo. The first author is assisted by BES-2013-063623 for pre-doctoral contracts for the training of doctors, granted by the aforementioned Ministry.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Urbano-Contreras
    • 1
  • Raquel-Amaya Martínez-González
    • 1
  • María-Teresa Iglesias-García
    • 1
  1. 1.University of OviedoOviedoSpain

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