Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 1184–1195 | Cite as

An Investigation of Factors that Influence Acceptability of Parent Training

Original Paper


Parent training is an effective intervention for parents of children with a variety of childhood disorders, including conduct problems, and parents often view behavioral parent training as acceptable. Explanations and rationales for parent training are commonly provided at the beginning of treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine whether changing the description of a behavioral parenting intervention influenced parents’ acceptability ratings and whether mothers and fathers differed in their ratings. There were 78 participants (39 mother–father dyads) in this study. Participants viewed one of two descriptions of parent training that focused on either addressing deficits in parenting skills or enhancing existing parenting skills. Parents’ acceptability of the treatment descriptions was evaluated using the Treatment Evaluation Inventory—Short Form. Participants also completed the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory and The Parental Locus of Control Scale. A multiple linear regression and a mixed factorial ANOVA were used to analyze the data. There was not a significant interaction between parent gender and parent training description type. There was also not a significant difference in the acceptability of the two parent training descriptions. However, mothers rated both treatment descriptions as more acceptable than did fathers. Results indicated that parental locus of control significantly predicted acceptability of the parent training descriptions. The results of the current study suggested that treatment acceptability was not influenced by the way that the interventions were described. Future research should focus on how to increase acceptability of parent training for fathers and parents with an external locus of control.


Parent training Treatment acceptability Mothers Fathers Treatment rationales 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUtah State UniversityLoganUnited States

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