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Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 977–988 | Cite as

Perceived Parental Hostility and Aggression, and Children’s Psychological Maladjustment, and Negative Personality Dispositions: A Meta-Analysis

Original Paper

Abstract

The purpose of this meta-analysis is to explore relations between children’s perceptions of parental hostility/aggression, and their psychological maladjustment, and negative personality dispositions as postulated in interpersonal acceptance and rejection theory. The meta-analysis was based on 35 studies from 16 countries in four continents involving 13,406 children (52% boys and 48% girls). All studies included in the meta-analysis, used child versions of the Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire for Mothers and for Fathers (Child PARQ: Mothers and Fathers), as well as the child version of the Personality Assessment Questionnaire (Child PAQ). Results showed that both maternal and paternal hostility/aggression correlated significantly with the psychological maladjustment and with all seven negative personality dispositions, including (1) hostility/aggression, (2) dependence or defensive independence, (3) negative self-esteem, (4) negative self-adequacy, (5) emotional instability, (6) emotional unresponsiveness, and (7) negative worldview of children across ethnicities, cultures, and geographical boundaries. Results further revealed that perceived maternal than paternal hostility/aggression has significantly stronger relations with children’s psychological maladjustment globally.

Keywords

Parental hostility/aggression Personality dispositions Psychological maladjustment 

Notes

Funding Information

The author received no fund from any source to undertake this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declare that he has no competing interests.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies included in this meta-analysis involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee, and with 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was not needed because this is a secondary analysis of data from original studies.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Human Development and Family StudiesUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

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