Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 452–463 | Cite as

A Psychometric Evaluation of the Revised Parental Emotion Regulation Inventory

  • Michael F. Lorber
  • Tamara Del Vecchio
  • Michael A. Feder
  • Amy M. Smith Slep
Original Paper


Despite significant research on parental emotion, parents’ regulation of their own emotions during discipline encounters is an understudied topic. Progress in this area of inquiry would be enhanced by the development of valid measures of emotion regulation. The present article describes an evaluation of such a measure, the revised Parental Emotion Regulation Inventory (PERI2). Mothers of 2-year-old children (N = 232) completed the PERI2, additional questionnaire measures, and a parent-child observation during home visits. The present findings support the factorial and concurrent validity of the PERI2’s suppression (e.g., concealing negative emotion), capitulation (e.g., giving into aversive child behavior to reduce negative emotion) and escape (e.g., walking away mid discipline encounter to reduce negative emotion) factors. Suppression, capitulation, and escape were distinct but interrelated emotion regulatory behaviors that were associated with such factors as harsh parenting, lax discipline, parental maladjustment, and child physical aggression. In contrast, the psychometric adequacy of the reappraisal factor (e.g., thinking differently about the child’s behavior to reduce negative emotion) was not supported. The results support the future use of the PERI2, minus the reappraisal factor’s items.


Discipline Emotion regulation Parenting Psychometric validation Toddlers 



This study was funded by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Grant B1U49CE001246-01PR.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest. However, Michael Lorber has received research grants/contracts from the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Justice, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Amy Smith Slep has received research grants/contracts from the National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Justice, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Defense, United States Air Force, Institute of Educational Sciences, and Department of Justice.

Supplementary material

10826_2016_578_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (303 kb)
Supplementary Information


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael F. Lorber
    • 1
  • Tamara Del Vecchio
    • 2
  • Michael A. Feder
    • 2
  • Amy M. Smith Slep
    • 1
  1. 1.Family Translational Research GroupNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologySt. John’s UniversityQueensUSA

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