Retention in a Parenting Intervention Among Parents Involved with the Child Welfare System
- 588 Downloads
Although parenting interventions are among the most commonly required case plan activities for parents involved with child welfare system, a large percentage of families who begin parenting interventions drop out prematurely. The purpose of this concurrent mixed-methods study was to better understand risk factors associated with retention in a 10 week evidence-based parenting intervention. Qualitative interviews and standardized measures were completed with 31 parents who were court ordered to participate in a parenting intervention due to child welfare system involvement. We compared and contrasted patterns across completion and non-completion groups. Results indicated specific similarities and differences in anticipated gains, motivation, and social support among parents who completed the intervention compared to those who did not. Additionally, parents who did not complete the intervention tended to have higher problematic parenting scores and levels of parenting stress, and the least amounts of social support compared to those who successfully completed the intervention. Patterns among three typologies highlighted important differences across groups. Results indicated that in order to promote successful engagement and retention in parenting interventions among parents involved with the child welfare system it may be important to screen for cumulative risks during the early stages of the intervention and to augment services to better meet the needs of this at-risk population.
KeywordsAt-risk Child welfare system Foster care Parenting Parenting intervention
- Burns, G. L., & Patterson, D. R. (2001). Normative data on the Eyberg child behavior inventory and Sutter-Eyberg student behavior inventory: parent and teacher rating scales of disruptive behavior problems in children and adolescents. Child & Family Behavior Therapy, 23, 15–28. doi: 10.1300/J019v23n01_02.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Bywater, T., Hutchings, J., Linck, P., Whitaker, C., Daley, D., Yeo, S. T., et al. (2011). Incredible years parent training support for foster carers in Wales: A multi-centre feasibility study. Child: Care. Health and Development, 37, 233–243. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2214.2010.01155.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Chaffin, M., Silovsky, J. F., Funderburk, L., Valle, A., Brestan, E. V. Balachova, T. et al. (2004). Parent–child interaction therapy with physically abusive parents: Efficacy for reducing future abuse reports. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 72, 500–510. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.72.3.500.Google Scholar
- Chaffin, M., Valle, L. A., Funderburk, B., Gurwitch, R., Silovsky, J. Bard, D. et al. (2009). A motivational intervention can improve retention in PCIT for low-motivation child welfare clients. Child Maltreatment, 14, 356–368. doi: 10.1177/1077559509332263.
- Creswell, J. W. (2010). Mapping the developing landscape of mixed-methods research. In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie (Eds.), Mixed methods in social & behavioral research (pp. 45–68). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Eyberg, S., & Pincus, D. (1999). Eyberg child behavior inventory & Sutter-Eyberg student behavior inventory-revised: Professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
- Miles, M., & Huberman, A. (1994). Qualitative data analysis (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Morse, J. M. (2010). Procedures and practice of mixed method design: Maintaining control, rigor, and complexity. In A. Tashakkori & C. Teddlie (Eds.), Mixed methods in social & behavioral research (pp. 339–352). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Nair, P., Schuler, M. E., Black, M. M., Kettinger, L., & Harrington, D. (2003). Cumulative environmental risk in substance abusing women: Early intervention, parenting stress, child abuse potential and child development. Child Abuse and Neglect, 27, 997–1017. doi: 10.1016/S0145-2134(03)00169-8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Orrell-Valente, J. K., Pinderhughes, E. E., Valente, E., Jr, & van Laird, R. D. (1999). If it’s offered, will they come? Influences on parents’ participation in a community-based conduct problems prevention program. American Journal of Community Psychology, 27, 753–783. doi: 10.1023/A:1022258525075.CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Painter, K. (2009). Multisystemic therapy as community-based treatment for youth with severe emotional disturbance. Research on Social Work Practice, 19, 314–324. doi: 10.1177/1049731508318772.
- Prado, G., Pantin, H., Schwartz, S. J., Lupei, N. S., & Szapocznik, J. (2006). Predictors of engagement and retention into a parent-centered ecodevelopmental HIV preventive intervention for Hispanic adolescents and their families. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 31, 874–890. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsj046.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Spielfogel, J. E., Leathers, S. J., Christian, E., & McMeel, L. S. (2011). Parent management training, relationships with agency staff, and child mental health: Urban foster parents’ perspectives. Children and Youth Services Review, 33, 2366–2374. doi: 10.1016/j.childyouth.2011.08.008.CrossRefPubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Strauss, A., & Corbin, J. (1990). Basics of qualitative research: Grounded theory procedures and techniques. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration on Children, Youth and Families. (2005). Child maltreatment 2003. Washington, DC: U. S. Government.Google Scholar
- Webster-Stratton, C., & Reid, M. J. (2003). The incredible years parent, teacher, and child training series: A multifaceted teaching approach for young children with conduct problems. In A. Kazdin & J. Weiss (Eds.), Evidenced-based psychotherapies for children and adolescents (pp. 224–240). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar