Enabling School Engagement for Māori Families in New Zealand
- 772 Downloads
The aim of this research was to explore the mechanisms involved for engaging Māori (the indigenous people of New Zealand) families in their child’s education. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with five Māori parents of year nine and ten students (aged between 12 and 14 years) from two suburban high schools in New Zealand. The research was framed within an indigenous qualitative methodology and employed interpretative phenomenological analysis from which four superordinate themes emerged. These themes closely align with concepts that underpin a Māori worldview (Ritchie in Becoming bicultural. Huia Publications, Wellington, NZ, 1992) and Macfarlane’s educultural wheel (Kia hiwa ra! Listen to culture—Māori students’ plea to educators. NZCER, Wellington, NZ, 2004). They have the potential to inform school policy, facilitate engagement with indigenous families, and foster Māori student achievement.
KeywordsSchool Families Engagement Education New Zealand Māori
- Bishop, R., Berryman, M., & Richardson, C. (2001). Te toi huarewa. Effective teaching and learning strategies, and effective teaching materials for improving the reading and writing in te reo Māori of students aged five to nine in Māori-medium education. (Final report to the Ministry of Education). Wellington, NZ: Ministry of Education.Google Scholar
- Bishop, R., & Glynn, T. (1999). Culture counts: Changing power relations in education. Palmerston North, NZ: Dunmore Press.Google Scholar
- Cram, F. (2001). Rangahau Māori: Tona tiki, tona pono—The validity and integrity of Māori research. In M. Tullich (Ed.), Research ethics in Aotearoa New Zealand (pp. 35–52). Auckland, NZ: Reed.Google Scholar
- Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2005). The SAGE handbook of qualitative research (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
- Durie, M. (2006). Whānau, education and Māori potential [Hui Taumata Mātauranga presentation]. Retrieved, from http://www.massey.ac.nz/massey/fms/Te%20Mata%20O%20Te%20Tau/Publications%20-%20Mason/HTML%20Charcode.pdf.
- Education Counts. (n.d.). Stand-downs, suspensions, exclusions and expulsions from school. Retrieved on February 25, 2014, from http://www.educationcounts.govt.nz/indicators/main/student-engagement-participation/80346.
- Gay, G. (2000). Culturally responsive teaching: Theory, research and practice. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
- Henderson, A. T., Mapp, K. L., Johnson, V. R., & Davies, D. (2007). Beyond the bake sale: The essential guide to family-school partnerships. New York, NY: The New Press.Google Scholar
- Ho, E. S. (2009). Educational leadership for parental involvement in an Asian context: Insights from Bourdieu’s theory of practice. School Community Journal, 19(2), 101–122.Google Scholar
- Horvat, E. M., Curci, J. D., & Partlow, M. C. (2010). Parents, principals, and power: A historical case study of “managing” parental involvement. Journal of School Leadership, 20, 702–727.Google Scholar
- Jones, B., Ingham, T., Davies, C., & Cram, F. (2010). Whānau tuatahi: Māori community partnership research using a kaupapa Māori methodology. MAI Review, 3, 1–14.Google Scholar
- Macfarlane, A. (2004). Kia hiwa ra! Listen to culture—Māori students’ plea to educators. Wellington, NZ: NZCER.Google Scholar
- Mapp, K. L. (2003). Have their say: Parents describe why and how they are engaged in their children’s learning. School Community Journal, 13(1), 35–64.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Education. (2007). Ngā haeata mātauranga/Annual report on Māori education. Wellington, NZ: Author.Google Scholar
- Ritchie, J. (1992). Becoming bicultural. Wellington, NZ: Huia Publications.Google Scholar
- Robson, B., Cormack, D., & Cram, F. (2007). Social and economic indicators. In B. Robson & R. Harris (Eds.), Hauora: Māori standards of health IV. A study of the years 2000–2005. Wellington, NZ: Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pomare.Google Scholar
- Smith, J. A., Flower, P., & Larkin, M. (2009). Interpretative phenomenological analysis: Theory, method and research. London: Sage.Google Scholar
- Statistics New Zealand. (2013). 2013 census quickstats about Māori. Retrieved on February 26, 2014, from http://www.stats.govt.nz/Census/2013-census/profile-and-summary-reports/quickstats-about-Māori-english.aspx.
- Vera, E. M., Israel, M. S., Coyle, L., Cross, J., Knight-Lynn, L., Moallem, I., et al. (2012). Exploring the educational involvement of parents of English learners. School Community Journal, 22(2), 183–202.Google Scholar
- Wen, X., Bulotsky-Shearer, R. J., Hahs-Vaughn, D., & Korfmacher, J. (2012). Head start program quality: Examination of classroom quality and parent involvement in predicting children’s vocabulary, literacy, and mathematics achievement trajectories. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 27, 640–653.CrossRefGoogle Scholar