Journal of Child and Family Studies

, Volume 23, Issue 5, pp 776–784 | Cite as

Psychometric Properties of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire-Preschool Revision (APQ-Pr) in 3 Year-Old Spanish Preschoolers

  • Núria de la Osa
  • Roser Granero
  • Eva Penelo
  • Josep Maria Domènech
  • Lourdes Ezpeleta
Original Paper


Parenting practices should be assessed and taken into account at an early age, since it is well documented that they are strongly related to children’s development. This study provides data on the psychometric properties of a Spanish version of the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire for Preschool children (APQ-Pr). A community sample of 622 (310 boys and 312 girls) 3 year-old children and their parents, participated in the study. Data were obtained from parents’ reports and correspond to a semi-structured diagnostic interview and self-report questionnaires evaluating parenting and children’s psychological states. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a three-factor solution: positive parenting, inconsistent parenting and punitive parenting. These scales scores showed moderate to good internal consistence (omega values ranged from .54 to .86). Inconsistent parenting scores achieved the strongest associations with external measures of psychopathology, especially for externalizing and conduct problems, as well as for functional impairment, the poorest associations being for the positive parenting scores. Results support the validity of the Spanish APQ-Pr, which is potentially a useful measure for the study of parenting practices regarding preschool children and their relation to conduct problems.


Alabama Parenting Questionnaire Conduct problems Factor analysis Parenting Preschool assessment 



Funding was from the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation grant PSI2009-7542.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Núria de la Osa
    • 1
  • Roser Granero
    • 2
  • Eva Penelo
    • 3
  • Josep Maria Domènech
    • 2
  • Lourdes Ezpeleta
    • 1
  1. 1.Unitat d’Epidemiologia i de Diagnòstic en Psicopatologia del Desenvolupament, Departament de Psicologia Clínica i de la SalutUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  2. 2.Unitat d’Epidemiologia i de Diagnòstic en Psicopatologia del Desenvolupament, Departament de Psicobiologia i Metodologia de les Ciències de la SalutUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Departament de Psicobiologia i Metodologia de les Ciències de la SalutUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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